sprain

[spreyn]
verb (used with object)
1.
to overstrain or wrench (the ligaments of an ankle, wrist, or other joint) so as to injure without fracture or dislocation.
noun
2.
a violent straining or wrenching of the parts around a joint, without dislocation.
3.
the condition of being sprained.

Origin:
1595–1605; origin uncertain

unsprained, adjective


1. twist. See strain1.
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World English Dictionary
sprain (spreɪn)
 
vb
1.  (tr) to injure (a joint) by a sudden twisting or wrenching of its ligaments
 
n
2.  the resulting injury to such a joint, characterized by swelling and temporary disability
 
[C17: of uncertain origin]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sprain
c.1600, of uncertain origin. The verb is attested from 1620s. A connection has been suggested to M.Fr. espraindre "to press out," from L. exprimere, but the sense evolution is difficult.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

sprain (sprān)
n.
An injury to a ligament when the joint is carried through a range of motion greater than its normal range without dislocation or fracture. v. sprained, sprain·ing, sprains
To cause a sprain to a joint or ligament.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

sprain

overstretching or tearing of fibres in one or more of the ligaments that support a joint, caused by forced movement beyond their range. Symptoms include sudden severe pain, then swelling around the joint, tenderness, stiffness, and often black-and-blue marks as a result of bleeding into the joint. The common sites for sprains are the ankle, wrist, knee, finger or toe joints, and sacroiliac joint in the lower back. The usual treatment involves support and protection of the joint by adhesive bandaging and the use of graded exercises until healing is complete. If the sprain is severe, surgery to reunite ligaments may be necessary

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Yeah it didn't help with the sprain but it's how things are.
Foster was forced from last week's game with a low-ankle sprain.
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