sprain

[spreyn]
verb (used with object)
1.
to overstrain or wrench (the ligaments of an ankle, wrist, or other joint) so as to injure without fracture or dislocation.
noun
2.
a violent straining or wrenching of the parts around a joint, without dislocation.
3.
the condition of being sprained.

Origin:
1595–1605; origin uncertain

unsprained, adjective


1. twist. See strain1.
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World English Dictionary
sprain (spreɪn)
 
vb
1.  (tr) to injure (a joint) by a sudden twisting or wrenching of its ligaments
 
n
2.  the resulting injury to such a joint, characterized by swelling and temporary disability
 
[C17: of uncertain origin]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sprain
c.1600, of uncertain origin. The verb is attested from 1620s. A connection has been suggested to M.Fr. espraindre "to press out," from L. exprimere, but the sense evolution is difficult.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

sprain (sprān)
n.
An injury to a ligament when the joint is carried through a range of motion greater than its normal range without dislocation or fracture. v. sprained, sprain·ing, sprains
To cause a sprain to a joint or ligament.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Pick up a racket, and you run the risk of a sprained ankle, twisted knee or
  tennis elbow.
Beneath his fatigues he wears a brace to protect his left knee, which he
  sprained playing paintball a few years ago.
One day he sprained his wrist on the job and called in.
Then, the day before showtime, the equivalent of a sprained ankle before a
  marathon threatened us: clouds.
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