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Springhill

town, Cumberland county, northern Nova Scotia, Canada. It lies 22 miles (35 km) southeast of Amherst and is situated on a hill 700 feet (210 metres) high, which was once the source of numerous springs-whence its name. Coal, discovered in the vicinity in 1834 and mined commercially since 1872, is the town's economic mainstay. The first Canadian coal-mining trade union was legalized in the Springhill collieries in 1879. One of the mines, with a vertical depth of 4,000 feet (1,220 metres), is said to be the deepest in Canada. Springhill has experienced several major mining disasters-in 1891, when 125 miners lost their lives; in 1956, when 39 were killed by an explosion; and in 1958, when 76 were suffocated by a massive earth disturbance. Most of the business district was destroyed by fire in 1957. Coal now is mined only intermittently. Other activities are gardening, farming, lumbering, woodworking, and machine-shop practice. Among the town's attractions are a mining museum and a centre dedicated to country singer Anne Murray, who was born in Springhill. Inc. 1889. Pop. (2006) 3,941.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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