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sprint

[sprint] /sprɪnt/
verb (used without object)
1.
to race or move at full speed, especially for a short distance, as in running, rowing, etc.
verb (used with object)
2.
to traverse in sprinting:
to sprint a half mile.
noun
3.
a short race at full speed.
4.
a burst of speed at any point during a long race, as near the finish line.
5.
a brief spell of great activity.
Origin
1560-1570
1560-70; perhaps continuing Old English *sprintan (compare gesprintan to emit); cognate with Old Norse spretta, Old High German sprinzan to jump up
Related forms
sprinter, noun
outsprint, verb (used with object)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sprinter

sprint

/sprɪnt/
noun
1.
(athletics) a short race run at top speed, such as the 100 metres
2.
a fast finishing speed at the end of a longer race, as in running or cycling, etc
3.
any quick run
verb (intransitive)
4.
to go at top speed, as in running, cycling, etc
Derived Forms
sprinter, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Scandinavian; related to Old English gesprintan to emit, Old Norse spretta to jump up, Old High German sprinzan to jump up, Swedish sprata to kick
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for sprinter

sprint

v.

1560s, "to spring, dart," from Old Norse spretta "to jump up." Meaning "to run a short distance at full speed" first recorded 1871. Related: Sprinted; sprinting.

n.

1865, from sprint (v.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for sprinter

sprint

in bicycle racing, a competition over a 1,000-metre (1,094-yard) course (500-metre for women) with time taken only over the last 200 metres (219 yards).

Learn more about sprint with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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