sprint

[sprint]
verb (used without object)
1.
to race or move at full speed, especially for a short distance, as in running, rowing, etc.
verb (used with object)
2.
to traverse in sprinting: to sprint a half mile.
noun
3.
a short race at full speed.
4.
a burst of speed at any point during a long race, as near the finish line.
5.
a brief spell of great activity.

Origin:
1560–70; perhaps continuing Old English *sprintan (compare gesprintan to emit); cognate with Old Norse spretta, Old High German sprinzan to jump up

sprinter, noun
outsprint, verb (used with object)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
sprint (sprɪnt)
 
n
1.  athletics a short race run at top speed, such as the 100 metres
2.  a fast finishing speed at the end of a longer race, as in running or cycling, etc
3.  any quick run
 
vb
4.  to go at top speed, as in running, cycling, etc
 
[C16: from Scandinavian; related to Old English gesprintan to emit, Old Norse spretta to jump up, Old High German sprinzan to jump up, Swedish sprata to kick]
 
'sprinter
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sprint
1566, "to spring, dart," from O.N. spretta "to jump up." Meaning "to run a short distance at full speed" first recorded 1871. The noun is attested from 1865.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for sprinting
Though capable of sprinting, the cougar is typically an ambush predator.
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