sputnik had two, connected consequences for the United States, both of them essential for the world we now live in.
That Redstone rocket was meant to boost American morale after the Soviets launched sputnik.
Tortoise disqualified for technical reasons, first place awarded to sputnik hare.
The Soviet Union has launched sputnik and communism is taking hold across eastern Europe.
The sputnik shapes seem like a nod to Cold War surveillance morphing into Age of Terror surveillance.
It's time for an academic revolution as profound as the one motivated by the sputnik launch.
That is the red thread of continuity, which runs from Decline 1.0 with sputnik to Decline 5.0 with the post-crash.
But that was after sputnik, and we didn't dare disregard any hints from the other side of the Iron Curtain.
"artificial satellite," 1957 (launched Oct. 4, 1957), from Russian sputnik "satellite," literally "traveling companion," from Old Church Slavonic supotiniku, from su- "with, together" + poti "way, journey" (from PIE root *pent- "to go, pass;" see find (v.)) + agent suffix -nik.
The electrifying impact of the launch on the West can be gauged by the number of new formations in -nik around this time (the suffix had been present in a Yiddish context for at least a decade before); e.g. the dog launched aboard Sputnik 2 (Nov. 2, 1957), which was dubbed muttnik by the "Detroit Free Press," etc., and the U.S. satellite which failed to reach orbit in 1957 (because the Vanguard rocket blew up on the launch pad) derided as a kaputnik (in the "Daily Express"), a flopnik ("Daily Herald"), a puffnik ("Daily Mail"), and a stayputnik ("News Chronicle").