a person or thing that squats.
a person who settles on land or occupies property without title, right, or payment of rent.
a person who settles on land under government regulation, in order to acquire title.

1775–85; squat + -er1

squatterdom, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
squatter (ˈskwɒtə)
1.  a person who occupies property or land to which he has no legal title
2.  in Australia
 a.  (formerly) a person who occupied a tract of land, esp pastoral land, as tenant of the Crown
 b.  a farmer of sheep or cattle on a large scale
3.  (in New Zealand) a 19th-century settler who took up large acreage on a Crown lease

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

c.1410, "crouch on the heels," from O.Fr. esquatir "press down, lay flat, crush," from es- "out" (from L. ex-) + O.Fr. quatir "press down, flatten," from V.L. *coactire "press together, force," from L. coactus, pp. of cogere "to compel, curdle, collect" (see cogent). Slang
sense of "nothing at all" first attested 1934, probably suggestive of squatting to defecate. The adjective sense of "short, thick" dates from 1630. Squatter "settler who occupies land without legal title" first recorded 1788; in ref. to paupers or homeless people in uninhabited buildings, it is recorded from 1880.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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