sri lankan

Sri Lanka

[sree lahng-kuh, lang-kuh, shree]
noun
an island republic in the Indian Ocean, S of India: a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. 25,332 sq. mi. (65,610 sq. km). Capital: Colombo.
Formerly Ceylon.
Arabic Serendip.

Sri Lankan, adjective, noun
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World English Dictionary
Sri Lanka (ˌsriː ˈlæŋkə)
 
n
Official name (since 1978): Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, Former name (until 1972): Ceylon a republic in S Asia, occupying the island of Ceylon: settled by the Sinhalese from S India in about 550 bc; became a British colony 1802; gained independence in 1948, becoming a republic within the Commonwealth in 1972. Exports include tea, cocoa, cinnamon, and copra. Official languages: Sinhalese and Tamil; English is also widely spoken. Religion: Hinayana Buddhist majority. Currency: Sri Lanka rupee. Capital: Colombo (administrative), Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative). Parts of the coast suffered badly in the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004. Pop: 19 218 000 (2004 est). Area: 65 610 sq km (25 332 sq miles)

Sri Lankan (ˌsriː ˈlæŋkən)
 
adj
1.  of or relating to Sri Lanka or its inhabitants
 
n
2.  a native or inhabitant of Sri Lanka

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Sri Lanka
large island southeast of India (known in Eng. until 1972 as Ceylon), from Lanka, older name for the island and its chief city + Skt. sri "beauty" (esp. of divinities, kings, heroes, etc.), also an honorific prefix to proper names, from PIE base *kreie- "to be outstanding, brilliant, masterly, beautiful"
(cf. Gk. kreon "lord, master").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Sri Lanka [(sree lahng-kuh)]

Formerly Ceylon, now an island republic in the Indian Ocean just southeast of India.

Note: A British colony since 1796, the island became independent in 1948.
Note: Marked by hostility between its Buddhist Sinalese majority and Hindu Tamil minority (see Buddhism and Hinduism).
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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