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stadholder

[stad-hohl-der] /ˈstædˌhoʊl dər/
noun
1.
the chief magistrate of the former republic of the United Provinces of the Netherlands.
2.
(formerly, in the Netherlands) the viceroy or governor of a province.
Also, stadtholder.
Origin
1585-1595
1585-95; partial translation of Dutch stadhouder, equivalent to stad place + houder holder; translation of Medieval Latin locum tenēns
Related forms
stadholderate, stadholdership, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for stadholder

stadholder

/ˈstædˌhəʊldə/
noun
1.
the chief magistrate of the former Dutch republic or of any of its provinces (from about 1580 to 1802)
2.
a viceroy or governor of a province
Derived Forms
stadholderate, stadholdership, stadtholderate, stadtholdership, noun
Word Origin
C16: partial translation of Dutch stad houder, from stad city (see stead) + houder holder
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for stadholder

provincial executive officer in the Low Countries, or Netherlands, from the 15th through the 18th century. The office acquired extensive powers in the United Provinces of the Netherlands (Dutch Republic). Introduced by the ruling Burgundian dukes in the 15th century and continued unchanged by the succeeding Habsburg rulers, the stadtholderates were at first occupied by noblemen appointed by the central government. The duties of the stadtholder included presiding over the provincial states (assemblies), control and command of provincial armies, and appointment to certain offices.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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