stan laurel

Laurel

[lawr-uhl, lor-]
noun
1.
Stan (Arthur Stanley Jefferson) 1890–1965, U.S. motion-picture actor and comedian, born in England.
2.
a city in SE Mississippi.
3.
a town in central Maryland.
4.
a female given name.
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World English Dictionary
laurel (ˈlɒrəl)
 
n
1.  bay, Also called: true laurel any lauraceous tree of the genus Laurus, such as the bay tree (see bay4) and L. canariensis, of the Canary Islands and Azores
2.  any lauraceous plant
3.  cherry laurel short for mountain laurel
4.  spurge laurel a European thymelaeaceous evergreen shrub, Daphne laureola, with glossy leaves and small green flowers
5.  spotted laurel, Japan laurel an evergreen cornaceous shrub, Aucuba japonica, of S and SE Asia, the female of which has yellow-spotted leaves
6.  (plural) a wreath of true laurel, worn on the head as an emblem of victory or honour in classical times
7.  (plural) honour, distinction, or fame
8.  look to one's laurels to be on guard against one's rivals
9.  rest on one's laurels to be satisfied with distinction won by past achievements and cease to strive for further achievements
 
vb , -rels, -relling, -relled, -rels, -reling, -reled
10.  (tr) to crown with laurels
 
[C13 lorer, from Old French lorier laurel tree, ultimately from Latin laurus]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

laurel
c.1300, lorrer, from O.Fr. laurier, from L. laurus "laurel tree," probably related to Gk. daphne "laurel" (for change of d- to l- see lachrymose), probably from a pre-IE Mediterranean language. The change of second -r- to -l- after c.1350 is by dissimilation. An emblem
of victory or of distinction, hence the phrase to rest (originally repose) on one's laurels, first attested 1859.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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