an upright bar, beam, post, or support, as in a window, stall, ship, etc.
verb (used with object)
to furnish with stanchions.
to secure by or to a stanchion or stanchions.

1375–1425; late Middle English stanchon < Old French estanchon, equivalent to estanche (variant of estance, probably < Vulgar Latin *stantia, equivalent to Latin stant- (stem of stāns), present participle of stāre to stand + -ia -y3) + -on noun suffix Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
stanchion (ˈstɑːnʃən)
1.  any vertical pole, rod, etc, used as a support
2.  (tr) to provide or support with a stanchion or stanchions
[C14: from Old French estanchon, from estance, from Vulgar Latin stantia (unattested) a standing, from Latin stāre to stand]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

mid-14c., from O.Fr. estanchon "prop, brace, support" (Fr. étançon), probably from estant "upright," from prp. of ester "be upright, stand," from L. stare "to stand," from PIE base *sta- "to stand" (see stet).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Be attached to stanchions such that pulling on one section of chain will not
  take up slack in the other sections.
Metal stanchions hold collapsible stretchers fitted with heart monitors.
For space purposes, the amendment counts only the ground touched by the
  stanchions holding up the pipe.
Since last month, pile drivers have sunk dozens of steel stanchions deep into
  the sandy loam next door.
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