stand pipe

standpipe

[stand-pahyp]
noun
1.
a vertical pipe or tower into which water is pumped to obtain a required head.
2.
a water pipe for supplying the fire hoses of a building, connected with the water supply of the building and usually with a siamese outside the building.

Origin:
1840–50; stand + pipe1

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World English Dictionary
standpipe (ˈstændˌpaɪp)
 
n
1.  a vertical pipe, open at the upper end, attached to a pipeline or tank serving to limit the pressure head to that of the height of the pipe
2.  a temporary freshwater outlet installed in a street during a period when household water supplies are cut off

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