standing up


1 [dahy]
verb (used without object), died, dying.
to cease to live; undergo the complete and permanent cessation of all vital functions; become dead.
(of something inanimate) to cease to exist: The laughter died on his lips.
to lose force, strength, or active qualities: Superstitions die slowly.
to cease to function; stop: The motor died.
to be no longer subject; become indifferent: to die to worldly matters.
to pass gradually; fade or subside gradually (usually followed by away, out, or down ): The storm slowly died down.
Theology. to lose spiritual life.
to faint or languish.
to suffer as if fatally: I'm dying of boredom!
to pine with desire, love, longing, etc.: I'm dying to see my home again.
to desire or want keenly or greatly: I'm dying for a cup of coffee.
Verb phrases
die away, (of a sound) to become weaker or fainter and then cease: The hoofbeats gradually died away.
die down, to become calm or quiet; subside.
die off, to die one after another until the number is greatly reduced: Her friends are dying off.
die out,
to cease to exist; become extinct: Both lines of the family died out before the turn of the century.
to die away; fade; subside: The roar of the engines died out as the rocket vanished into the clouds.
die hard,
to die only after a bitter struggle.
to give way or surrender slowly or with difficulty: Childhood beliefs die hard.
die standing up, Theater. (of a performance) to be received with silence rather than applause.
never say die, never give up hope; never abandon one's efforts.
to die for, stunning; remarkable: That dress is to die for.

1150–1200; Middle English dien, deien < Old Norse deyja. Cf. dead, death

1. expire, depart. Die, pass away (pass on; pass ), perish mean to relinquish life. To die is to become dead from any cause and in any circumstances. It is the simplest, plainest, and most direct word for this idea, and is used figuratively of anything that has once displayed activity: An echo, flame, storm, rumor dies. Pass away (or pass on or pass ) is a commonly used euphemism implying a continuation of life after death: Grandfather passed away (passed on or passed ). Perish a more literary term, implies death under harsh circumstances such as hunger, cold, neglect, etc.; figuratively, perish connotes utter extinction: Hardship caused many pioneers to perish. Ancient Egyptian civilization has perished. Unabridged


verb (used without object), stood, standing.
(of a person) to be in an upright position on the feet.
to rise to one's feet (often followed by up ).
to have a specified height when in this position: a basketball player who stands six feet seven inches.
to stop or remain motionless or steady on the feet.
to take a position or place as indicated: to stand aside.
to remain firm or steadfast, as in a cause.
to take up or maintain a position or attitude with respect to a person, issue, or the like: to stand as sponsor for a person.
to have or adopt a certain policy, course, or attitude, as of adherence, support, opposition, or resistance: He stands for free trade.
(of things) to be in an upright or vertical position, be set on end, or rest on or as on a support.
to be set, placed, fixed, located, or situated: The building stands at 34th Street and 5th Avenue.
(of an account, score, etc.) to show, be, or remain as indicated; show the specified position of the parties concerned: The score stood 18 to 14 at the half.
to remain erect or whole; resist change, decay, or destruction (often followed by up ): The ruins still stand. The old building stood up well.
to continue in force or remain valid: The agreement stands as signed.
to remain still, stationary, or unused: The bicycle stood in the basement all winter.
to be or become stagnant, as water.
(of persons or things) to be or remain in a specified state, condition, relation, relative position, etc.: He stood in jeopardy of losing his license.
to have the possibility or likelihood: He stands to gain a sizable profit through the sale of the house.
Chiefly British. to become or be a candidate, as for public office (usually followed by for ).
to take or hold a particular course at sea.
to move in a certain direction: to stand offshore.
(of a male domestic animal, especially a stud) to be available as a sire, usually for a fee: Three Derby winners are now standing in Kentucky.
verb (used with object), stood, standing.
to cause to stand; set upright; set: Stand the chair by the lamp.
to face or encounter: to stand an assault.
to undergo or submit to: to stand trial.
to endure or undergo without harm or damage or without giving way: His eyes are strong enough to stand the glare.
to endure or tolerate: She can't stand her father.
to treat or pay for: I'll stand you to a drink when the manuscript is in.
to perform the duty of or participate in as part of one's job or duty: to stand watch aboard ship.
noun, plural stands for 28–49, stands or, esp. after a numeral, stand for 50.
the act of standing; an assuming of or a remaining in an upright position.
a cessation of motion; halt or stop.
a determined effort for or against something, especially a final defensive effort: Custer's last stand.
a determined policy, position, attitude, etc., taken or maintained: We must take a stand on political issues.
the place in which a person or thing stands; station.
a raised platform, as for a speaker, a band, or the like.
stands, a raised section of seats for spectators; grandstand.
a framework on or in which articles are placed for support, exhibition, etc.: a hat stand.
a piece of furniture of various forms, on or in which to put articles (often used in combination): a nightstand; a washstand.
a small, light table.
a stall, booth, counter, or the like, where articles are displayed for sale or where some business is carried on: a fruit stand.
newsstand: The papers usually hit the stands at 5 a.m.
a site or location for business: After 20 years the ice-cream vendor was still at the same stand.
a place or station occupied by vehicles available for hire: a taxicab stand.
the vehicles occupying such a place.
the growing trees, or those of a particular species or grade, in a given area.
a standing growth, as of grass, wheat, etc.
a halt of a theatrical company on tour, to give a performance or performances: a series of one-night stands on the strawhat trail.
the town at which a touring theatrical company gives a performance.
hive ( def 2 ).
Metalworking. a rolling unit in a rolling mill.
Chiefly British. a complete set of arms or accoutrements for one soldier.
Verb phrases
stand by,
to uphold; support: She stood by him whenever he was in trouble.
to adhere to (an agreement, promise, etc.); affirm: She stood by her decision despite her sister's arguments.
to stand ready; wait: Please stand by while I fix this antenna.
to get ready to speak, act, etc., as at the beginning of a radio or television program.
to be ready to board a plane, train, or other transport if accommodations become available at the last minute.
stand down,
Law. to leave the witness stand.
to step aside; withdraw, as from a competition: I agreed to stand down so that she could run for the nomination unopposed.
to leave or take out of active work or service: to stand down some of the ships in the fleet.
stand for,
to represent; symbolize: P.S. stands for “postscript.”
to advocate; favor: He stands for both freedom and justice.
Informal. to tolerate; allow: I won't stand for any nonsense!
stand in with,
to be in association or conspiracy with.
to enjoy the favor of; be on friendly terms with.
stand off,
to keep or stay at a distance.
to put off; evade.
stand on,
to depend on; rest on: The case stands on his testimony.
to be particular about; demand: to stand on ceremony.
Nautical. to maintain a course and speed.
stand out,
to project; protrude: The piers stand out from the harbor wall.
to be conspicuous or prominent: She stands out in a crowd.
to persist in opposition or resistance; be inflexible.
Nautical. to maintain a course away from shore.
stand over,
to supervise very closely; watch constantly: He won't work unless someone stands over him.
to put aside temporarily; postpone: to let a project stand over until the following year.
stand to,
to continue to hold; persist in: to stand to one's statement.
to keep at steadily: Stand to your rowing, men!
to wait in readiness; stand by: Stand to for action.
stand up,
to come to or remain in a standing position: to stand up when being introduced.
to remain strong, convincing, or durable: The case will never stand up in court. Wool stands up better than silk.
Slang. to fail to keep an appointment with (someone, especially a sweetheart or date): I waited for Kim for an hour before I realized I'd been stood up.
stand up for,
to defend the cause of; support: No one could understand why he stood up for an incorrigible criminal.
to serve a bridegroom or bride, as best man or maid (matron) of honor.
stand up to, to meet or deal with fearlessly; confront: to stand up to a bully.
stand a chance/show, to have a chance or possibility, especially of winning or surviving: He's a good shortstop but doesn't stand a chance of making the major leagues because he can't hit.
stand pat. pat2 ( def 6 ).
stand to reason. reason ( def 18 ).
take the stand, to testify in a courtroom.

before 900; Middle English standen (v.), Old English standan; cognate with Old Saxon standan, Middle Dutch standen, Old High German stantan, standa, standan; akin to Latin stāre to stand, sistere, Greek histánai to make stand, Sanskrit sthā to stand, Old Irish at-tá (he) is

25. abide, stomach. See bear1. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
die1 (daɪ)
vb (often foll by away, down, or out) (often foll by away or down) (foll by for or an infinitive) , dies, dying, died
1.  (of an organism or its cells, organs, etc) to cease all biological activity permanently: she died of pneumonia
2.  (of something inanimate) to cease to exist; come to an end: the memory of her will never die
3.  to lose strength, power, or energy, esp by degrees
4.  to become calm or quiet; subside: the noise slowly died down
5.  to stop functioning: the engine died
6.  to languish or pine, as with love, longing, etc
7.  informal (usually foll by of) to be nearly overcome (with laughter, boredom, etc)
8.  theol to lack spiritual life within the soul, thus separating it from God and leading to eternal punishment
9.  (tr) to undergo or suffer (a death of a specified kind) (esp in phrases such as die a saintly death)
10.  (foll by to) to become indifferent or apathetic (to): to die to the world
11.  informal never say die never give up
12.  die hard to cease to exist after resistance or a struggle: old habits die hard
13.  die in harness to die while still working or active, prior to retirement
14.  be dying to be eager or desperate (for something or to do something): I'm dying to see the new house
15.  informal to die for highly desirable: a salary to die for
usage  It was formerly considered incorrect to use the preposition from after die, but of and from are now both acceptable: he died of/from his injuries

die2 (daɪ)
1.  a.  a shaped block of metal or other hard material used to cut or form metal in a drop forge, press, or similar device
 b.  a tool of metal, silicon carbide, or other hard material with a conical hole through which wires, rods, or tubes are drawn to reduce their diameter
2.  Compare tap an internally-threaded tool for cutting external threads
3.  See also die-cast a casting mould giving accurate dimensions and a good surface to the object cast
4.  architect the dado of a pedestal, usually cubic
5.  another name for dice
6.  as straight as a die perfectly honest
7.  the die is cast the decision that commits a person irrevocably to an action has been taken
[C13 dee, from Old French de, perhaps from Vulgar Latin datum (unattested) a piece in games, noun use of past participle of Latin dare to play]

stand (stænd)
vb , stands, standing, stood
1.  (also tr) to be or cause to be in an erect or upright position
2.  to rise to, assume, or maintain an upright position
3.  (copula) to have a specified height when standing: to stand six feet
4.  to be situated or located: the house stands in the square
5.  to be or exist in a specified state or condition: to stand in awe of someone
6.  to adopt or remain in a resolute position or attitude
7.  (may take an infinitive) to be in a specified position: I stand to lose money in this venture; he stands high in the president's favour
8.  to remain in force or continue in effect: whatever the difficulties, my orders stand
9.  to come to a stop or halt, esp temporarily
10.  (of water, etc) to collect and remain without flowing
11.  (often foll by at) (of a score, account, etc) to indicate the specified position of the parties involved: the score stands at 20 to 1
12.  (also tr; when intr, foll by for) to tolerate or bear: I won't stand for your nonsense any longer; I can't stand spiders
13.  (tr) to resist; survive: to stand the test of time
14.  (tr) to submit to: to stand trial
15.  chiefly (Brit) (often foll by for) to be or become a candidate: will he stand for Parliament?
16.  to navigate in a specified direction: we were standing for Madeira when the storm broke
17.  (of a gun dog) to point at game
18.  to halt, esp to give action, repel attack, or disrupt an enemy advance when retreating
19.  (of a male domestic animal, esp a stallion) to be available as a stud
20.  (also tr) printing to keep (type that has been set) or (of such type) to be kept, for possible use in future printings
21.  informal (tr) to bear the cost of; pay for: to stand someone a drink
22.  stand a chance to have a hope or likelihood of winning, succeeding, etc
23.  stand fast to maintain one's position firmly
24.  stand one's ground to maintain a stance or position in the face of opposition
25.  stand still
 a.  to remain motionless
 b.  (US) (foll by for) to tolerate: I won't stand still for your threats
26.  informal (Irish) stand to someone to be useful to someone: your knowledge of English will stand to you
27.  the act or an instance of standing
28.  an opinion, esp a resolutely held one: he took a stand on capital punishment
29.  a halt or standstill
30.  a place where a person or thing stands
31.  (Austral), (NZ)
 a.  a position on the floor of a shearing shed allocated to one shearer
 b.  the shearing equipment belonging to such a position
32.  a structure, usually of wood, on which people can sit or stand
33.  a frame or rack on which such articles as coats and hats may be hung
34.  a small table or piece of furniture where articles may be placed or stored: a music stand
35.  a supporting framework, esp for a tool or instrument
36.  a stall, booth, or counter from which goods may be sold
37.  an exhibition area in a trade fair
38.  a halt to give action, etc, esp one taken during a retreat and having some duration or some success
39.  cricket an extended period at the wicket by two batsmen
40.  a growth of plants in a particular area, esp trees in a forest or a crop in a field
41.  a stop made by a touring theatrical company, pop group, etc, to give a performance (esp in the phrase one-night stand)
42.  (South African) a plot or site earmarked for the erection of a building
43.  (of a gun dog) the act of pointing at game
44.  a complete set, esp of arms or armour for one man
45.  military the flags of a regiment
[Old English standan; related to Old Norse standa, Old High German stantan, Latin stāre to stand; see stead]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

mid-12c., possibly from O.Dan. døja or O.N. deyja "to die, pass away," both from P.Gmc. *dawjanan, from PIE base *dheu- "to pass away, become senseless." It has been speculated that O.E. had *diegan, from the same source, but it is not in any of the surviving texts and the preferred words were
steorfan (see starve), sweltan (see swelter), wesan dead, also forðgan and other euphemisms. Languages usually don't borrow words from abroad for central life experiences, but "die" words are an exception, since they are often hidden or changed euphemistically out of superstitious dread. A Du. euphemism translates as "to give the pipe to Maarten." Regularly spelled dege through 15c., and still pronounced "dee" by some in Lancashire and Scotland. Used figuratively (of sounds, etc.) from 1580s. Related: Died; dies.

early 14c. (as a plural), from O.Fr. de, of uncertain origin, perhaps from L. datum "given," pp. of dare (see date (1)), which, in addition to "give," had a secondary sense of "to play" (as a chess piece); or else from "what is given" (by chance or Fortune). Sense of "stamping
block or tool" first recorded 1690s.

O.E. standan (class VI strong verb; past tense stod, pp. standen), from P.Gmc. *sta-n-d- (cf. O.N. standa, O.S., Goth. standan, O.H.G. stantan, Swed. stå, Du. staan, Ger. stehen), from PIE base *sta- "to stand" (cf. Skt. tisthati "stands," Gk. histemi "cause to stand, set, place," L. stare "stand,"
Lith. stojus, O.C.S. stajati; see stet). Sense of "to exist, be present" is attested from c.1300. Meaning "to pay for as a treat" is from 1821. Phrase stands to reason (1620) is from earlier stands (is constant) with reason. Phrase stand pat is originally from poker (1882); stand down in the military sense of "go off duty" is first recorded 1916. Standing ovation attested by 1968; standing army is from 1603.

"pause, delay," O.E., from the root of stand (v.). Meaning "place of standing, position" is from c.1300; fig. sense is from 1595. Sense of "action of standing or coming to a position" is attested from 1392, especially in ref. to fighting. Meaning "raised platform for a hunter
or sportsman" is attested from c.1400. Sense of "Stall or booth" is first recorded 1508. Military meaning "complete set" (of arms, colors, etc.) is from 1721, often a collective sing. Sense of "standing growth of trees" is 1868, Amer.Eng. Theatrical sense of "each stop made on a performance tour" is from 1896. The word was formerly also slang for "an erection" (1867).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

die (dī)
v. died, dy·ing (dī'ĭng), dies

  1. To cease living; become dead; expire.

  2. To cease existing, especially by degrees; fade.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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