Added to Favorites

World English Dictionary

statistical inference | |

—n | |

Compare hypothesis testing Also called: inferential statistics the theory, methods, and practice of forming judgments about the parameters of a population, usually on the basis of random sampling |

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition

2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins

Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009

Cite This Source

2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins

Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009

Cite This Source

Encyclopedia Britannica

Encyclopedia

**statistical inference**

in statistics, the process of drawing conclusions about a parameter one is seeking to measure or estimate. Often scientists have many measurements of an object-say, the mass of an electron-and wish to choose the best measure. One principal approach of statistical inference is Bayesian estimation, which incorporates reasonable expectations or prior judgments (perhaps based on previous studies), as well as new observations or experimental results. Another method is the likelihood approach, in which "prior probabilities" are eschewed in favour of calculating a value of the parameter that would be most "likely" to produce the observed distribution of experimental outcomes.

Learn more about statistical inference with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.

Cite This Source

Cite This Source

Nearby Words

Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.