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staunch2

[stawnch, stahnch] /stɔntʃ, stɑntʃ/
adjective, stauncher, staunchest.
1.
firm or steadfast in principle, adherence, loyalty, etc., as a person:
a staunch Republican; a staunch friend.
2.
characterized by firmness, steadfastness, or loyalty:
He delivered a staunch defense of the government.
3.
strong; substantial:
a staunch little hut in the woods.
4.
impervious to water or other liquids; watertight:
a staunch vessel.
Also, stanch.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English sta(u)nch < Middle French estanche (feminine), estanc (masculine), derivative of estancher to stanch1
Related forms
staunchly, adverb
staunchness, noun
Synonyms
1. constant, true, faithful. See steadfast. 2. resolute. 3. stout, sound.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for stauncher

staunch1

/stɔːntʃ/
adjective
1.
loyal, firm, and dependable: a staunch supporter
2.
solid or substantial in construction
3.
(rare) (of a ship, etc) watertight; seaworthy
Derived Forms
staunchly, adverb
staunchness, noun
Word Origin
C15: (originally: watertight): from Old French estanche, from estanchier to stanch

staunch2

/stɔːntʃ/
verb, noun
1.
a variant spelling of stanch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for stauncher

staunch

adj.

early 15c., "impervious to water," from Old French estanche "firm, watertight," fem. of estanc "dried, exhausted, wearied, vanquished," from Vulgar Latin *stanticare, probably from Latin stans (genitive stantis), present participle of stare "to stand," from PIE root *sta- "to stand" (see stet). Sense of "strong, substantial" first recorded mid-15c.; of persons, "standing firm and true to one's principles" from 1620s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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