stay up

stay

2 [stey]
noun
1.
something used to support or steady a thing; prop; brace.
2.
a flat strip of steel, plastic, etc., used especially for stiffening corsets, collars, etc.
3.
a long rod running between opposite walls, heads or sides of a furnace, boiler, tank, or the like, to strengthen them against internal pressures.
4.
stays, Chiefly British. a corset.
verb (used with object), stayed, staying.
5.
to support, prop, or hold up (sometimes followed by up ).
6.
to sustain or strengthen mentally or spiritually.
7.
to rest on (something, as a foundation or base) for support.
8.
to cause something to become fixed or to rest on (a support, foundation, base, etc.)

Origin:
1505–15; apparently same as stay3 (compare Old French estayer to hold in place, support, perhaps derivative of Middle English steye stay3)

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World English Dictionary
stay1 (steɪ)
 
vb (often foll by at) (; usually foll by with)
1.  (intr) to continue or remain in a certain place, position, etc: to stay outside
2.  (copula) to continue to be; remain: to stay awake
3.  to reside temporarily, esp as a guest: to stay at a hotel
4.  (tr) to remain for a specified period: to stay the weekend
5.  (Scot), (South African) (intr) to reside permanently or habitually; live
6.  archaic to stop or cause to stop
7.  (intr) to wait, pause, or tarry
8.  (tr) to delay or hinder
9.  (tr)
 a.  to discontinue or suspend (a judicial proceeding)
 b.  to hold in abeyance or restrain from enforcing (an order, decree, etc)
10.  to endure (something testing or difficult, such as a race): a horse that stays the course
11.  to keep pace (with a competitor in a race, etc)
12.  (intr) poker to raise one's stakes enough to stay in a round
13.  (tr) to hold back or restrain: to stay one's anger
14.  (tr) to satisfy or appease (an appetite, etc) temporarily
15.  archaic (tr) to quell or suppress
16.  archaic (intr) to stand firm
17.  stay put See put
 
n
18.  the act of staying or sojourning in a place or the period during which one stays
19.  the act of stopping or restraining or state of being stopped, etc
20.  the suspension of a judicial proceeding, etc: stay of execution
 
[C15 staien, from Anglo-French estaier, to stay, from Old French ester to stay, from Latin stāre to stand]

stay2 (steɪ)
 
n
1.  anything that supports or steadies, such as a prop or buttress
2.  a thin strip of metal, plastic, bone, etc, used to stiffen corsets, etc
 
vb (foll by on or upon)
3.  (often foll by up) to prop or hold
4.  (often foll by up) to comfort or sustain
5.  to cause to rely or depend
 
[C16: from Old French estaye, of Germanic origin; compare stay³]

stay3 (steɪ)
 
n
stays See also stays a rope, cable, or chain, usually one of a set, used for bracing uprights, such as masts, funnels, flagpoles, chimneys, etc; guy
 
[Old English stæg; related to Old Norse stag, Middle Low German stach, Norwegian stagle wooden post]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

stay
"to remain," 1440, from M.Fr. estai-, stem of ester "to stay or stand," from O.Fr., from L. stare "to stand" (cf. It. stare, Sp. estar "to stand, to be"), from PIE base *sta- "to stand" (see stet). Originally "come to a halt;" sense of "remain" is first recorded 1575. Noun
senses of "appliance for stopping," "period of remaining in a place," and (judicial) "suspension of proceeding" all developed 1525-1550. Stay-at-home (adj.) is from 1806. Stay put is first recorded 1843, Amer.Eng. Phrase stay the course is originally (1885) in ref. to horses holding out till the end of a race.

stay
"support, prop, brace," c.1515, from M.Fr. estaie "piece of wood used as a support," perhaps from Frank. *staka "support," from P.Gmc. *stagaz (cf. M.Du. stake "stick," O.E. steli "steel" stæg "rope used to support a mast"), from PIE *stak- (see stay (n.2)). If not, then
from the root of stay (v.). Stays "laced underbodice" is attested from 1608.

stay
"strong rope which supports a ship's mast," from O.E. stæg, from P.Gmc. *stagan (cf. Du. stag, Low Ger. stach, Ger. Stag, O.N. stag), from PIE *stak-, ult. an extended form of base *sta- "to stand" (see stet). The verb meaning "secure or steady with stays" is first recorded 1627.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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