city, Saxony-Anhalt Land (state), central Germany. It lies along the Uchte River, north of Magdeburg. Stendal was once the capital of the Altmark ("Old March") division of Brandenburg, and its early settlers were Lower Saxons, Wends, Netherlanders, and Rhinelanders. It was given market rights by Margrave Albert I the Bear in 1160 and was chartered in the same year. A residence, until 1309, of the elder line of the Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg, the city prospered from the 13th to the 15th century as a cloth-weaving centre
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