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last3

[last, lahst] /læst, lɑst/
noun
1.
a wooden or metal form in the shape of the human foot on which boots or shoes are shaped or repaired.
2.
the shape or form of a shoe.
verb (used with object)
3.
to shape on or fit to a last.
Idioms
4.
stick to one's last, to keep to that work, field, etc., in which one is competent or skilled.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English lest(e), last(e), Old English lǣste; cognate with German Leisten; akin to Old English lāst, Gothic laists track
Related forms
laster, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for stick to one's last

last1

/lɑːst/
adjective (often prenominal)
1.
being, happening, or coming at the end or after all others the last horse in the race
2.
being or occurring just before the present; most recent last Thursday
3.
last but not least, coming last in order but nevertheless important
4.
last but one, next to last
5.
only remaining one's last cigarette
6.
most extreme; utmost
7.
least suitable, appropriate, or likely he was the last person I would have chosen
8.
(esp relating to the end of a person's life or of the world)
  1. final or ultimate last rites
  2. (capital) the Last Judgment
9.
(postpositive) (Liverpool, dialect) inferior, unpleasant, or contemptible this ale is last
adverb
10.
after all others; at or in the end he came last
11.
  1. most recently he was last seen in the mountains
  2. (in combination) last-mentioned
12.
(sentence modifier) as the last or latest item
noun
13.
the last
  1. a person or thing that is last
  2. the final moment; end
14.
one's last moments before death
15.
the last thing a person can do (esp in the phrase breathe one's last)
16.
the final appearance, mention, or occurrence we've seen the last of him
17.
at last, in the end; finally
18.
at long last, finally, after difficulty, delay, or irritation
Usage note
Since last can mean either after all others or most recent, it is better to avoid using this word where ambiguity might arise as in her last novel. Final or latest should be used in such contexts to avoid ambiguity
Word Origin
variant of Old English latest, lætest, superlative of late

last2

/lɑːst/
verb
1.
when intr, often foll by for. to remain in being (for a length of time); continue his hatred lasted for several years
2.
to be sufficient for the needs of (a person) for (a length of time) it will last us until Friday
3.
when intr, often foll by for. to remain fresh, uninjured, or unaltered (for a certain time or duration) he lasted for three hours underground
See also last out
Derived Forms
laster, noun
Word Origin
Old English lǣstan; related to Gothic laistjan to follow

last3

/lɑːst/
noun
1.
the wooden or metal form on which a shoe or boot is fashioned or repaired
verb
2.
(transitive) to fit (a shoe or boot) on a last
Derived Forms
laster, noun
Word Origin
Old English lǣste, from lāst footprint; related to Old Norse leistr foot, Gothic laists

last4

/lɑːst/
noun
1.
a unit of weight or capacity having various values in different places and for different commodities. Commonly used values are 2 tons, 2000 pounds, 80 bushels, or 640 gallons
Word Origin
Old English hlæst load; related to hladan to lade1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for stick to one's last
last
"following all the others," from O.E. latost (adj.) and lætest (adv.), superl. of læt (adj.) and late (adv.). Cognate with O.Fris. lest, Du. laatst, O.H.G. laggost, Ger. letzt). Adj. Last-ditch "on the last line of defense" is from 1715, attributed to William of Orange. Last hurrah is from the title of Edwin O'Connor's 1956 novel. Last word "final, definitive statement" is from 1881. Related: Lasting; lastly.
last
"endure," from O.E. læstan "to continue, endure," earlier "accomplish, carry out," lit. "to follow a track," from P.Gmc. *laistijanan (cf. Goth. laistjan "to follow," O.Fris. lasta "to fulfill, to pay (duties)," Ger. leisten "to perform, achieve, afford"). Related to last (n.), not to last (adj.).
last
"shoemaker's block," from O.E. læste, from last "track, footprint, trace," from P.Gmc. *laistaz (cf. O.N. leistr "the foot," O.H.G. leist "track, footprint," Goth. laistjan "to follow," O.E. læran "to teach").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with stick to one's last
Keep to what you know and don't interfere out of your province, as in Let me handle the defense in this suit; you stick to your last and track down more eyewitnesses. This adage comes from an ancient story about a shoemaker criticizing a work by a Greek painter named Apelles, saying that the shoe in the picture was not correctly portrayed. After the painter corrected it, the shoemaker pointed out an error in the leg, whereupon the painter said, “Shoemaker, do not go above your last.” Over the centuries the story was repeated, and the expression still is sometimes put as cobbler, stick to your last, even though cobblers are nearly obsolete.
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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