Word Origin & History
O.E. scufan "push away" (class II strong verb; past tense sceaf, pp. scoven), from P.Gmc. *skeub-, *skub- (cf. O.N. skufa, O.Fris. skuva, Du. schuiven, O.H.G. scioban, Ger. schieben "to push, thrust," Goth. af-skiuban) "to put away," from PIE base *skeubh- "to shove" (cf.
; likely cognates outside Gmc. include Lith. skubti "to make haste," skubinti "to hasten"). Replaced by push
in all but colloquial and nautical usage. The noun is attested from c.1300. Shove off "leave" (1844) is from boating.