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stifle1

[stahy-fuh l] /ˈstaɪ fəl/
verb (used with object), stifled, stifling.
1.
to quell, crush, or end by force:
to stifle a revolt; to stifle free expression.
2.
to suppress, curb, or withhold:
to stifle a yawn.
3.
to kill by impeding respiration; smother.
verb (used without object), stifled, stifling.
4.
to suffer from difficulty in breathing, as in a close atmosphere.
5.
to become stifled or suffocated.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Old Norse stīfla to stop up, dam, akin to stīfr stiff
Related forms
stifler, noun
unstifled, adjective
Synonyms
1. prevent, preclude, put down. 2. check. 3. suffocate, strangle, choke.
Antonyms
1, 2. encourage.

stifle2

[stahy-fuh l] /ˈstaɪ fəl/
noun
1.
(in a horse or other quadruped) the joint between the femur and the tibia, corresponding anatomically to the human knee.
Also called stifle joint.
Origin
1275-1325; Middle English < ?
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for stifles

stifle1

/ˈstaɪfəl/
verb
1.
(transitive) to smother or suppress: stifle a cough
2.
to feel or cause to feel discomfort and difficulty in breathing
3.
to prevent or be prevented from breathing so as to cause death
4.
(transitive) to crush or stamp out
Derived Forms
stifler, noun
Word Origin
C14: variant of stuflen, probably from Old French estouffer to smother

stifle2

/ˈstaɪfəl/
noun
1.
the joint in the hind leg of a horse, dog, etc, between the femur and tibia
Word Origin
C14: of unknown origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for stifles

stifle

v.

late 14c., "to choke, suffocate, drown," of uncertain origin, possibly an alteration of Old French estouffer "to stifle, smother," which may be from a Germanic source (cf. Old High German stopfon "to plug up, stuff"). Metaphoric sense is from 1570s. Related: Stifled; stifling.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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