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stinking smut

noun, Plant Pathology
1.
bunt3 .
Origin
1890-1895
1890-95
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for stinking-smut

stinking smut

noun
1.
a smut that affects wheat and is caused by the fungus Tilletia caries Also called bunt
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Encyclopedia Article for stinking-smut

stinking smut

disease of wheat, rye, and other grasses caused by the fungus Tilletia. Normal kernels are replaced by smut "balls" containing powdery masses of brownish-black spores having a dead-fish odour. Two forms of bunt infect wheat: dwarf bunt, caused by Tilletia caries, results in plants a fourth or half normal size; common bunt (T. foetida) normally stunts wheat only a few inches. Smut balls break open and contaminate healthy kernels during harvest. Bunt spores may remain alive in dry soil for several years. Seedling infection occurs shortly after kernels germinate in cool, fairly dry soil. At maturity, a mass of smut spores (teliospores) replaces the entire kernel. Bunt is controlled by using smut-free, fungicide-treated seed of resistant varieties. Carboxin (Vitavax) seed treatment is effective against both soil- and seed-borne bunt spores.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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13
16
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