Word Origin & History
late 14c., "philosopher of the school founded by Zeno," from L. stoicus, from Gk. stoikos "pertaining to a member of or the teachings of the school founded by Zeno (c.334-c.262 B.C.E.), characterized by austere ethical doctrines," lit. "pertaining to a portico," from stoa "porch," specifically Stoa
Poikile "the Painted Porch," the great hall in Athens (decorated with frescoes depicting the Battle of Marathon) where Zeno taught (see stoa
). Meaning "person who represses feelings or endures patiently" first recorded 1570s. The adj. is recorded from 1590s in the "repressing feelings" sense, c.1600 in the philosophical sense; earlier stoical (early 15c. of philosophers, 1570s as "indifferent to pleasure or pain").