|1.||City of Gibraltar Ancient name: Calpe a city on the Rock of Gibraltar, a limestone promontory at the tip of S Spain: settled by Moors in 711 and taken by Spain in 1462; ceded to Britain in 1713; a British crown colony (1830--1969), still politically associated with Britain; a naval and air base of strategic importance. Pop: 27 000 (2003 est). Area: 6.5 sq km (2.5 sq miles)|
|2.||Strait of Gibraltar a narrow strait between the S tip of Spain and the NW tip of Africa, linking the Mediterranean with the Atlantic|
Note: Located on the Rock of Gibraltar, a huge limestone mass.
Note: Spain has protested British control of Gibraltar, but the dispute has remained unsettled for years.
Note: Location of an important military base; strategically significant because it can be used to keep ships from entering or leaving the Mediterranean Sea.
Note: Its seeming impregnability as a fortress during several wars led to the saying: “solid as the Rock of Gibraltar.”