straw berry

strawberry

[straw-ber-ee, -buh-ree]
noun, plural strawberries.
1.
the fruit of any stemless plant belonging to the genus Fragaria, of the rose family, consisting of an enlarged fleshy receptacle bearing achenes on its exterior. See illus. under achene.
2.
the plant itself.

Origin:
before 1000; Middle English; Old English strēawberige. See straw, berry

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World English Dictionary
strawberry (ˈstrɔːbərɪ, -brɪ)
 
n , pl -ries
1.  a.  any of various low-growing rosaceous plants of the genus Fragaria, such as F. vesca (wild strawberry) and F. ananassa (garden strawberry), which have white flowers and red edible fruits and spread by runners
 b.  (as modifier): a strawberry patch
2.  a.  the fruit of any of these plants, consisting of a sweet fleshy receptacle bearing small seedlike parts (the true fruits)
 b.  (as modifier): strawberry ice cream
3.  barren strawberry a related Eurasian plant, Potentilla sterilis, that does not produce edible fruit
4.  a.  a purplish-red colour
 b.  (as adjective): strawberry shoes
5.  another name for strawberry mark
 
[Old English streawberige; perhaps from the strawlike appearance of the runners]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

strawberry
O.E. streawberige, from streaw "straw" + berige "berry." There is no corresponding compound in any other Gmc. language; the reason for the name is uncertain, but perhaps it is in reference to the tiny chaff-like external seeds which cover the fruit. A cognate O.E. name was eorðberge "earth-berry"
(cf. Mod.Ger. erdbeere). Strawberry blonde is attested from 1884.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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