Strychnic

strychnine

[strik-nin, -neen, -nahyn]
noun
1.
Pharmacology. a colorless, crystalline poison, C 2 1 H 2 2 N 2 O 2 , obtained chiefly by extraction from the seeds of nux vomica, formerly used as a central nervous system stimulant.
2.
an Indian tree, Strychnos nux-vomica, of the logania family, having small, yellowish-white flowers in clusters, berrylike fruit, and seeds that yield strychnine.
Also, strychnia [strik-nee-uh] , strychnina [strik-ni-nuh] .


Origin:
1810–20; < French, equivalent to Neo-Latin Strychn(os) genus name (< Greek strýchnos a kind of nightshade) + French -ine -ine2

strychnic, adjective
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World English Dictionary
strychnic (ˈstrɪknɪk)
 
adj
of, relating to, or derived from strychnine

strychnine (ˈstrɪkniːn)
 
n
a white crystalline very poisonous alkaloid, obtained from the plant nux vomica: formerly used in small quantities as a stimulant of the central nervous system and the appetite. Formula: C21H22O2N2
 
[C19: via French from New Latin Strychnos, from Greek strukhnos nightshade]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

strychnine
1819, from Fr. strychnine, from Mod.L. Strychnos, the genus name of the plant (nux vomica) from which the poison is obtained, from Gk. strychnon, a kind of nightshade, of uncertain origin.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

strychnine strych·nine (strĭk'nīn', -nĭn, -nēn')
n.
An extremely poisonous white crystalline alkaloid used as a poison for rodents and formerly used topically as a central nervous system stimulant.

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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
strychnine   (strĭk'nīn')  Pronunciation Key 
An extremely poisonous, white crystalline compound derived from the seeds of the nux vomica tree. Strychnine is an alkaloid and was formerly used in medicine to stimulate the nervous system. It is currently used as a rat poison. Chemical formula: C21H22O2N2.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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