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stubborn

[stuhb-ern] /ˈstʌb ərn/
adjective
1.
unreasonably obstinate; obstinately unmoving:
a stubborn child.
2.
fixed or set in purpose or opinion; resolute:
a stubborn opponent of foreign aid.
3.
obstinately maintained, as a course of action:
a stubborn resistance.
4.
difficult to manage or suppress:
a stubborn horse; a stubborn pain.
5.
hard, tough, or stiff, as stone or wood; difficult to shape or work.
Origin of stubborn
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English stiborn(e), styborne, stuborn < ?
Related forms
stubbornly, adverb
stubbornness, noun
prestubborn, adjective
unstubborn, adjective
unstubbornly, adverb
unstubbornness, noun
Synonyms
1. contrary, intractable, refractory, unyielding, headstrong, obdurate. 2. persevering. Stubborn, dogged, obstinate, persistent imply fixity of purpose or condition and resistance to change. Stubborn and obstinate both imply resistance to advice, entreaty, remonstrance, or force; but stubborn implies more of innate quality and is the more frequently used when referring to inanimate things: stubborn disposition; stubborn difficulties. Dogged implies pertinacity and grimness in doing something, especially in the face of discouragements: dogged determination. Persistent implies having staying or lasting qualities, resoluteness, and perseverance: persistent questioning.
Antonyms
1. tractable. 2. irresolute.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for stubbornly
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • He was trying to make her see that she had done something generous and fine, but she stubbornly insisted on having it otherwise.

    Good References E. J. Rath
  • Their whole beings tended to this, stubbornly, without a pause.

  • Under such circumstances, which are by no means rare, outside blinds are stubbornly unmanageable.

  • Captain Dan, to whom these statements were made, was stubbornly indignant.

    Cap'n Dan's Daughter Joseph C. Lincoln
  • And yet, how hard of dying is the world; how stubbornly bent on living!

British Dictionary definitions for stubbornly

stubborn

/ˈstʌbən/
adjective
1.
refusing to comply, agree, or give in; obstinate
2.
difficult to handle, treat, or overcome
3.
persistent and dogged: a stubborn crusade
Derived Forms
stubbornly, adverb
stubbornness, noun
Word Origin
C14 stoborne, of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for stubbornly

stubborn

adj.

late 14c., of uncertain origin. Earliest form is stiborn. OED, Liberman doubt any connection with stub (n.). Related: Stubbornly; stubbornness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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