application of the mind to the acquisition of knowledge, as by reading, investigation, or reflection:
long hours of study.
the cultivation of a particular branch of learning, science, or art:
the study of law.
Often, studies. a personal effort to gain knowledge:
to pursue one's studies.
something studied or to be studied:
Balzac's study was human nature.
research or a detailed examination and analysis of a subject, phenomenon, etc.:
She made a study of the transistor market for her firm.
a written account of such research, examination, or analysis:
He published a study of Milton's poetry.
a well-defined, organized branch of learning or knowledge.
zealous endeavor or assiduous effort.
the object of such endeavor or effort.
deep thought, reverie, or a state of abstraction:
He was lost in study and did not hear us come in.
a room, in a house or other building, set apart for private study, reading, writing, or the like.
Also called étude. Music. a composition that combines exercise in technique with a greater or lesser amount of artistic value.
a literary composition executed for exercise or as an experiment in a particular method of treatment.
such a composition dealing in detail with a particular subject, as a single main character.
Art. something produced as an educational exercise, as a memorandum or record of observations or effects, or as a guide for a finished production:
She made a quick pencil sketch of his hands as a study for the full portrait in oils.
a person, as an actor, considered in terms of his or her quickness or slowness in memorizing lines:
a quick study.
verb (used without object), studied, studying.
to apply oneself to the acquisition of knowledge, as by reading, investigation, or practice.
to apply oneself; endeavor.
to think deeply, reflect, or consider.
to take a course of study, as at a college.
verb (used with object), studied, studying.
to apply oneself to acquiring a knowledge of (a subject).
to examine or investigate carefully and in detail:
to study the political situation.
to observe attentively; scrutinize:
to study a person's face.
to read carefully or intently:
to study a book.
to endeavor to learn or memorize, as a part in a play.
to consider, as something to be achieved or devised.
to think out, as the result of careful consideration or devising.
1250-1300; (noun) Middle Englishstudie < Old Frenchestudie < Latinstudium, equivalent to stud(ēre) to be busy with, devote oneself to, concentrate on + -ium-ium; (v.) Middle Englishstudien < Old Frenchestudier < Medieval Latinstudiāre, derivative of studium
nonstudy, noun, plural nonstudies.
outstudy, verb (used with object), outstudied, outstudying.
prestudy, verb (used with object), prestudied, prestudying, noun, plural prestudies.
1. inquiry, research, reading, thought, consideration. 7. subject, field, area. 11. library, den. 21. Study, consider, reflect, weigh imply fixing the mind upon something, generally doing so with a view to some decision or action. Study implies an attempt to obtain a grasp of something by methodical or exhaustive thought: to study a problem. To consider is to fix the thought upon something and give it close attention before making a decision concerning it, or beginning an action connected with it: to consider ways and means. Reflect implies looking back quietly over past experience and giving it consideration: to reflect on similar cases in the past. Weigh implies a deliberate and judicial estimate, as by a balance: to weigh a decision.
early 12c., from O.Fr. estudier "to study" (Fr. étude), from M.L. studiare, from L. studium "study, application," originally "eagerness," from studere "to be diligent" ("to be pressing forward"), from PIE *(s)teu- "to push, stick, knock, beat" (see steep (adj.)). The noun meaning "application of the mind to the acquisition of knowledge" is recorded from c.1300. Sense of "room furnished with books" is from c.1300. Study hall is attested from 1891, originally a large common room in a college. Studious is attested from late 14c.