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foliation

[foh-lee-ey-shuh n] /ˌfoʊ liˈeɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
the act or process of putting forth leaves.
2.
the state of being in leaf.
3.
Botany.
  1. the arrangement of leaves within a bud.
  2. the arrangement of leaves on a plant.
4.
leaves or foliage.
5.
Printing. the consecutive numbering of the folios or leaves, as distinguished from pages, of a manuscript or book.
6.
the total number of such leaves.
7.
Petrology. a form of lamination produced in rocks by metamorphism.
8.
ornamentation with foliage, or an arrangement of foliage.
9.
Architecture.
  1. ornamentation with foils.
  2. ornamentation with representations of foliage.
10.
formation into thin sheets.
11.
the application of foil to glass to make a mirror.
Origin
1615-1625
1615-25; foliate + -ion
Related forms
subfoliation, noun
superfoliation, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for sub foliation

foliation

/ˌfəʊlɪˈeɪʃən/
noun
1.
(botany)
  1. the process of producing leaves
  2. the state of being in leaf
  3. the arrangement of leaves in a leaf bud; vernation
2.
(architect)
  1. ornamentation consisting of foliage
  2. ornamentation consisting of cusps and foils
3.
any decoration with foliage
4.
the consecutive numbering of the leaves of a book
5.
(geology) the arrangement of the constituents of a rock in leaflike layers, as in schists
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sub foliation
foliation
1620s, from Fr. foliation or directly from L. foliatus (see foliate).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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sub foliation in Science
foliation
  (fō'lē-ā'shən)   
The set of layers visible in many metamorphic rocks as a result of the flattening and stretching of mineral grains during metamorphism.

foliated adjective
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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7
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