subalternity

subaltern

[suhb-awl-tern or especially for 3, 6, suhb-uhl-turn]
adjective
1.
lower in rank; subordinate: a subaltern employee.
2.
British Military. noting a commissioned officer below the rank of captain.
3.
Logic.
a.
denoting the relation of one proposition to another when the first proposition is implied by the second but the second is not implied by the first.
b.
(in Aristotelian logic) denoting the relation of a particular proposition to a universal proposition having the same subject, predicate, and quality.
c.
of or pertaining to a proposition having either of these relations to another.
noun
4.
a person who has a subordinate position.
5.
British Military. a commissioned officer below the rank of captain.
6.
Logic. a subaltern proposition.

Origin:
1575–85; < Late Latin subalternus, equivalent to sub- sub- + alternus alternate

subalternity, noun
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World English Dictionary
subaltern (ˈsʌbəltən)
 
n
1.  a commissioned officer below the rank of captain in certain armies, esp the British
2.  a person of inferior rank or position
3.  logic
 a.  the relation of one proposition to another when the first is implied by the second, esp the relation of a particular to a universal proposition
 b.  (as modifier): a subaltern relation
 
adj
4.  of inferior position or rank
 
[C16: from Late Latin subalternus, from Latin sub- + alternus alternate, from alter the other]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

subaltern
"subordinate," c.1400 (implied in subalternal), from M.Fr. subalterne, from L.L. subalternus, from L. sub "under" + alternus "every other (one), one after the other" (see alternate). The noun meaning "person of inferior rank" is attested from 1605; as the designation of an army officer, from 1690.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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