subclan

clan

[klan]
noun
1.
a group of families or households, as among the Scottish Highlanders, the heads of which claim descent from a common ancestor: the Mackenzie clan.
2.
a group of people of common descent; family: Our whole clan got together for Thanksgiving.
3.
a group of people, as a clique, set, society, or party, especially as united by some common trait, characteristic, or interest: a clan of actors and directors.
4.
Anthropology.
a.
the principal social unit of tribal organization, in which descent is reckoned exclusively in either the paternal or the maternal line.
b.
a group of people regarded as being descended from a common ancestor.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English (Scots) < Scots Gaelic clann < Old Irish cland offspring < Latin planta scion, plant, perhaps directly < British Celtic; compare Welsh plant children

clanless, adjective
interclan, adjective
subclan, noun
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World English Dictionary
clan (klæn)
 
n
1.  a group of people interrelated by ancestry or marriage
2.  a group of families with a common surname and a common ancestor, acknowledging the same leader, esp among the Scots and the Irish
3.  a group of people united by common characteristics, aims, or interests
 
[C14: from Scottish Gaelic clann family, descendants, from Latin planta sprout, plant1]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

clan
c.1425, from Gael. clann "family, stock, offspring," akin to O.Ir. cland "offspring, tribe," both from L. planta "offshoot" (see plant (n.)). Gaelic (Goidelic) Celtic had no initial p-, so it substituted k- or c- for L. p-.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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