verb (used with object), controlled, controlling.
to exercise restraint or direction over; dominate; command.
to hold in check; curb: to control a horse; to control one's emotions.
to test or verify (a scientific experiment) by a parallel experiment or other standard of comparison.
to eliminate or prevent the flourishing or spread of: to control a forest fire.
Obsolete. to check or regulate (transactions), originally by means of a duplicate register.
the act or power of controlling; regulation; domination or command: Who's in control here?
the situation of being under the regulation, domination, or command of another: The car is out of control.
check or restraint: Her anger is under control.
a legal or official means of regulation or restraint: to institute wage and price controls.
Statistics. control variable ( def 1 ).
a person who acts as a check; controller.
a device for regulating and guiding a machine, as a motor or airplane.
controls, a coordinated arrangement of such devices.
prevention of the flourishing or spread of something undesirable: rodent control.
Baseball. the ability of a pitcher to throw the ball into the strike zone consistently: The rookie pitcher has great power but no control.
Philately. any device printed on a postage or revenue stamp to authenticate it as a government issue or to identify it for bookkeeping purposes.
a spiritual agency believed to assist a medium at a séance.
the supervisor to whom an espionage agent reports when in the field.

1425–75; late Middle English co(u)ntrollen (v.) < Anglo-French contreroller to keep a duplicate account or roll, derivative of contrerolle (noun). See counter-, roll

controllable, adjective, noun
controllability, controllableness, noun
controllably, adverb
controlless, adjective
controllingly, adverb
noncontrollable, adjective
noncontrollablely, adverb
noncontrolled, adjective
noncontrolling, adjective
overcontrol, verb (used with object), overcontrolled, overcontrolling, noun
precontrol, noun, verb (used with object), precontrolled, precontrolling.
quasi-controlled, adjective
quasi-controlling, adjective
subcontrol, verb (used with object), subcontrolled, subcontrolling.
supercontrol, noun
uncontrolled, adjective
uncontrolling, adjective
well-controlled, adjective

1. manage, govern, rule. 2. restrain, bridle, constrain. 6. management, government, reign, rule, mastery. See authority. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
control (kənˈtrəʊl)
vb , -trols, -trolling, -trolled
1.  to command, direct, or rule: to control a country
2.  to check, limit, curb, or regulate; restrain: to control one's emotions; to control a fire
3.  to regulate or operate (a machine)
4.  to verify (a scientific experiment) by conducting a parallel experiment in which the variable being investigated is held constant or is compared with a standard
5.  a.  to regulate (financial affairs)
 b.  to examine and verify (financial accounts)
6.  to restrict or regulate the authorized supply of (certain substances, such as drugs)
7.  power to direct or determine: under control; out of control
8.  a means of regulation or restraint; curb; check: a frontier control
9.  (often plural) a device or mechanism for operating a car, aircraft, etc
10.  a standard of comparison used in a statistical analysis or scientific experiment
11.  a.  a device that regulates the operation of a machine. A dynamic control is one that incorporates a governor so that it responds to the output of the machine it regulates
 b.  (as modifier): control panel; control room
12.  spiritualism an agency believed to assist the medium in a séance
13.  Also called: control mark a letter, or letter and number, printed on a sheet of postage stamps, indicating authenticity, date, and series of issue
14.  one of a number of checkpoints on a car rally, orienteering course, etc, where competitors check in and their time, performance, etc, is recorded
[C15: from Old French conteroller to regulate, from contrerolle duplicate register, system of checking, from contre-counter- + rolleroll]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

early 14c., "to check, verify, regulate," from Anglo-Norm. contreroller "exert authority," from M.L. contrarotulus "a counter, register," from L. contra- "against" (see contra) + rotulus, dim. of rota "wheel" (see roll). From a medieval method of
checking accounts by a duplicate register. Sense of "dominate, direct" is c.1450. Related: Controllable (1570s); controlled (1580s; of rent, from c.1930); controlling (1520s). Control group in scientific experiments is attested from 1952 (from a sense of control attested since 1875). Control freak is late 1960s slang.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

control con·trol (kən-trōl')
v. con·trolled, con·trol·ling, con·trols

  1. To verify or regulate a scientific experiment by conducting a parallel experiment or by comparing with another standard.

  2. To hold in restraint; check.

  1. A standard of comparison for checking or verifying the results of an experiment.

  2. An individual or group used as a standard of comparison in a control experiment.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
control   (kən-trōl')  Pronunciation Key 
A standard of comparison for checking or verifying the results of an experiment. In an experiment to test the effectiveness of a new drug, for example, one group of subjects (the control group) receives an inactive substance or placebo , while a comparison group receives the drug being tested.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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