follow Dictionary.com

11 Trending Words of 2014

discipline

[dis-uh-plin] /ˈdɪs ə plɪn/
noun
1.
training to act in accordance with rules; drill:
military discipline.
2.
activity, exercise, or a regimen that develops or improves a skill; training:
A daily stint at the typewriter is excellent discipline for a writer.
3.
punishment inflicted by way of correction and training.
4.
the rigor or training effect of experience, adversity, etc.:
the harsh discipline of poverty.
5.
behavior in accord with rules of conduct; behavior and order maintained by training and control:
good discipline in an army.
6.
a set or system of rules and regulations.
7.
Ecclesiastical. the system of government regulating the practice of a church as distinguished from its doctrine.
8.
an instrument of punishment, especially a whip or scourge, used in the practice of self-mortification or as an instrument of chastisement in certain religious communities.
9.
a branch of instruction or learning:
the disciplines of history and economics.
verb (used with object), disciplined, disciplining.
10.
to train by instruction and exercise; drill.
11.
to bring to a state of order and obedience by training and control.
12.
to punish or penalize in order to train and control; correct; chastise.
Origin
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English < Anglo-French < Latin disciplīna instruction, tuition, equivalent to discipul(us) disciple + -ina -ine2
Related forms
disciplinal
[dis-uh-pluh-nl, -plin-l, dis-uh-plahyn-l] /ˈdɪs ə plə nl, -ˌplɪn l, ˌdɪs əˈplaɪn l/ (Show IPA),
adjective
discipliner, noun
multidiscipline, noun
nondisciplining, adjective
overdiscipline, verb, overdisciplined, overdisciplining.
prediscipline, noun, verb (used with object), predisciplined, predisciplining.
rediscipline, verb (used with object), redisciplined, redisciplining.
subdiscipline, noun
Synonyms
3. chastisement, castigation. 12. See punish.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source
British Dictionary definitions for subdiscipline

discipline

/ˈdɪsɪplɪn/
noun
1.
training or conditions imposed for the improvement of physical powers, self-control, etc
2.
systematic training in obedience to regulations and authority
3.
the state of improved behaviour, etc, resulting from such training or conditions
4.
punishment or chastisement
5.
a system of rules for behaviour, methods of practice, etc
6.
a branch of learning or instruction
7.
the laws governing members of a Church
8.
a scourge of knotted cords
verb (transitive)
9.
to improve or attempt to improve the behaviour, orderliness, etc, of by training, conditions, or rules
10.
to punish or correct
Derived Forms
disciplinable, adjective
disciplinal (ˌdɪsɪˈplaɪnəl; ˈdɪsɪˌplɪnəl) adjective
discipliner, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Latin disciplīna teaching, from discipulusdisciple
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Cite This Source
Word Origin and History for subdiscipline

discipline

n.

early 13c., "penitential chastisement; punishment," from Old French descepline (11c.) "discipline, physical punishment; teaching; suffering; martyrdom," and directly from Latin disciplina "instruction given, teaching, learning, knowledge," also "object of instruction, knowledge, science, military discipline," from discipulus (see disciple (n.)).

Sense of "treatment that corrects or punishes" is from notion of "order necessary for instruction." The Latin word is glossed in Old English by þeodscipe. Meaning "branch of instruction or education" is first recorded late 14c. Meaning "military training" is from late 15c.; that of "orderly conduct as a result of training" is from c.1500.

v.

c.1300; see discipline (n.). Related: Disciplined; disciplines; disciplining.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source

Word of the Day

Difficulty index for discipline

Most English speakers likely know this word

Word Value for subdiscipline

0
26
Scrabble Words With Friends