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subdue

[suh b-doo, -dyoo] /səbˈdu, -ˈdyu/
verb (used with object), subdued, subduing.
1.
to conquer and bring into subjection:
Rome subdued Gaul.
2.
to overpower by superior force; overcome.
3.
to bring under mental or emotional control, as by persuasion or intimidation; render submissive.
4.
to repress (feelings, impulses, etc.).
5.
to bring (land) under cultivation:
to subdue the wilderness.
6.
to reduce the intensity, force, or vividness of (sound, light, color, etc.); tone down; soften.
7.
to allay (inflammation, infection, etc.).
Origin of subdue
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English so(b)duen, so(b)dewen < Anglo-French *soduer to overcome, Old French soduire to deceive, seduce < Latin subdūcere to withdraw (see subduct); meaning in E (and Anglo-French) < Latin subdere to place beneath, subdue
Related forms
subduable, adjective
subduableness, noun
subduably, adverb
subduer, noun
subduingly, adverb
presubdue, verb (used with object), presubdued, presubduing.
unsubduable, adjective
Synonyms
1. subjugate, vanquish. See defeat. 3. tame, break, discipline. 3, 4. suppress.
Antonyms
4. awaken, arouse. 6. intensify.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for subduing
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Thus David gives thanks to God, for subduing the people under him.

  • Adversity vexed and irritated, instead of calming and subduing her.

    Queen Elizabeth Jacob Abbott
  • There never was any question of subduing Salome; it was a question of subduing Atland!

    The Story of a Play W. D. Howells
  • At the rate he was subduing me, he must have felt that it would be a long job.

    Down The River Oliver Optic
  • She then adverted to the power of religion in subduing the passions, that of love among the rest.

  • He said all you wanted to do, in subduing the spirit of animals, was to gain their confidence.

    Peck's Sunshine George W. Peck
  • He had succeeded so well in subduing his flesh that at last it was on the point of separating itself entirely from the spirit.

    Robert Annys: Poor Priest Annie Nathan Meyer
  • I fairly ground my teeth, subduing the rage and contempt that shook me.

    The Reckoning Robert W. Chambers
  • Lafe asked, subduing his voice almost to a whisper in deference to the other's visible anxiety.

British Dictionary definitions for subduing

subdue

/səbˈdjuː/
verb (transitive) -dues, -duing, -dued
1.
to establish ascendancy over by force
2.
to overcome and bring under control, as by intimidation or persuasion
3.
to hold in check or repress (feelings, emotions, etc)
4.
to render less intense or less conspicuous
Derived Forms
subduable, adjective
subduably, adverb
subdual, noun
Word Origin
C14 sobdue, from Old French soduire to mislead, from Latin subdūcere to remove; English sense influenced by Latin subdere to subject
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for subduing

subdue

v.

late 14c., "to conquer," from Old French souduire "deceive, seduce," from Latin subducere "draw, lead away, withdraw" (see subduce). The sense seems to have been taken in Anglo-French from Latin subdere. Subduct in the sense of "subtract" is from 1570s. Related: Subdued; subduing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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