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flora

[flawr-uh, flohr-uh] /ˈflɔr ə, ˈfloʊr ə/
noun, plural floras, florae
[flawr-ee, flohr-ee] /ˈflɔr i, ˈfloʊr i/ (Show IPA),
for 2.
1.
the plants of a particular region or period, listed by species and considered as a whole.
2.
a work systematically describing such plants.
3.
plants, as distinguished from fauna.
4.
the aggregate of bacteria, fungi, and other microorganisms normally occurring on or in the bodies of humans and other animals:
intestinal flora.
Origin
1655-1665
1655-65; < New Latin, Latin Flōra the Roman goddess of flowers (used from the 17th cent. in the titles of botanical works), derivative of Latin flōr- (stem of flōs) flower
Related forms
subflora, noun, plural subfloras, subflorae.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for subflorae

flora

/ˈflɔːrə/
noun (pl) -ras, -rae (-riː)
1.
all the plant life of a given place or time
2.
a descriptive list of such plants, often including a key for identification
3.
short for intestinal flora
Word Origin
C18: from New Latin, from Latin Flōra goddess of flowers, from flōsflower

Flora

/ˈflɔːrə/
noun
1.
the Roman goddess of flowers
Word Origin
C16: from Latin, from flōs flower
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for subflorae

flora

n.

1777, "the plant life of a region or epoch," from Latin Flora, Roman goddess of flowers, from flos (genitive floris) "flower," from *flo-s-, Italic suffixed form of PIE *bhle- "to blossom, flourish" (cf. Middle Irish blath, Welsh blawd "blossom, flower," Old English blowan "to flower, bloom"), extended form of *bhel- (3) "to thrive, bloom," possibly identical with *bhel- (2) "to blow, swell" (see bole). Used as the title of descriptive plant catalogues since 1640s, but popularized by Linnaeus in his 1745 study of Swedish plants, "Flora Suecica."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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subflorae in Medicine

flora flo·ra (flôr'ə)
n. pl. flo·ras or flo·rae (flôr'ē')

  1. Plants considered as a group.

  2. The microorganisms that normally inhabit a bodily organ or part.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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subflorae in Science
flora
  (flôr'ə)   
Plural floras or florae (flôr'ē')
  1. The plants of a particular region or time period.

  2. The bacteria and other microorganisms that normally inhabit a bodily organ or part, such as the intestine.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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subflorae in Culture
flora [(flawr-uh)]

Plants, especially the plants of a particular place and time.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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