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foliate

[adj. foh-lee-it, -eyt; v. foh-lee-eyt] /adj. ˈfoʊ li ɪt, -ˌeɪt; v. ˈfoʊ liˌeɪt/
adjective
1.
covered with or having leaves.
2.
like a leaf, as in shape.
3.
Also, foliated. Architecture.
  1. ornamented with or composed of foils:
    foliate tracery.
  2. ornamented with representations of foliage:
    a foliate capital.
4.
Petrology, Mineralogy, foliated (def 2).
verb (used without object), foliated, foliating.
5.
to put forth leaves.
6.
to split into thin leaflike layers or laminae.
verb (used with object), foliated, foliating.
7.
to shape like a leaf or leaves.
8.
to decorate with foils or foliage.
9.
to form into thin sheets.
10.
to spread over with a thin metallic backing.
11.
Printing. to number the folios or leaves, as distinguished from pages, of (a manuscript or book).
Origin
1620-1630
1620-30; < Latin foliātus leafy. See folium, -ate1
Related forms
subfoliate, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for subfoliate

foliate

adjective (ˈfəʊlɪɪt; -ˌeɪt)
1.
  1. relating to, possessing, or resembling leaves
  2. in combination: trifoliate
2.
(of certain metamorphic rocks, esp schists) having the constituent minerals arranged in thin leaflike layers
verb (ˈfəʊlɪˌeɪt)
3.
(transitive) to ornament with foliage or with leaf forms such as foils
4.
to hammer or cut (metal) into thin plates or foil
5.
(transitive) to coat or back (glass, etc) with metal foil
6.
(transitive) to number the leaves of (a book, manuscript, etc) Compare paginate
7.
(intransitive) (of plants) to grow leaves
Word Origin
C17: from Latin foliātus leaved, leafy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for subfoliate

foliate

adj.

1620s, from Latin foliatus "leaved, leafy," from folium (see folio).

v.

1660s, "to apply silver leaf," from Latin foliatus "leaved, leafy," from folium (see folio). Meaning "to put forth leaves" is from 1775. Related: Foliated; foliating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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