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judiciary

[joo-dish-ee-er-ee, -dish-uh-ree] /dʒuˈdɪʃ iˌɛr i, -ˈdɪʃ ə ri/
noun, plural judiciaries.
1.
the judicial branch of government.
2.
the system of courts of justice in a country.
3.
judges collectively.
adjective
4.
pertaining to the judicial branch or system or to judges.
Origin
1580-1590
1580-90; orig. adj. < Latin jūdiciārius of the law courts, equivalent to jūdici(um) judgment (see judge) + -ārius -ary
Related forms
judiciarily, adverb
subjudiciary, adjective, noun, plural subjudiciaries.
Can be confused
judicial, judiciary, judicious (see synonym study at judicious)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for subjudiciary

judiciary

/dʒuːˈdɪʃɪərɪ; -ˈdɪʃərɪ/
adjective
1.
of or relating to courts of law, judgment, or judges
noun (pl) -aries
2.
the branch of the central authority in a state concerned with the administration of justice Compare executive (sense 2), legislature
3.
the system of courts in a country
4.
the judges collectively; bench
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for subjudiciary

judiciary

adj.

"relating to courts," early 15c., from Latin iudiciarius "of or belonging to a court of justice," from iudicium "judgment," from iudicem (see judge (v.)). The noun meaning "a body of judges, judges collectively" is from 1802 (judicature was used in this sense from 1590s).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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