substantives

substantive

[suhb-stuhn-tiv]
noun Grammar.
1.
a noun.
2.
a pronoun or other word or phrase functioning or inflected like a noun.
adjective
3.
Grammar.
a.
pertaining to substantives.
b.
used in a sentence like a noun: a substantive adjective.
c.
expressing existence: “to be” is a substantive verb.
4.
having independent existence; independent.
5.
belonging to the real nature or essential part of a thing; essential.
6.
real or actual.
7.
of considerable amount or quantity.
8.
possessing substance; having practical importance, value, or effect: substantive issues under discussion.
9.
Law. pertaining to the rules of right which courts are called on to apply, as distinguished from rules of procedure (opposed to adjective ).
10.
(of dye colors) attaching directly to the material without the aid of a mordant (opposed to adjective ).

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Late Latin substantīvus, equivalent to Latin substant(ia) substance + -īvus -ive

substantively, adverb
substantiveness, noun
nonsubstantive, adjective
nonsubstantively, adverb
nonsubstantiveness, noun
unsubstantive, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To substantives
Collins
World English Dictionary
substantive (ˈsʌbstəntɪv)
 
n
1.  grammar a noun or pronoun used in place of a noun
 
adj
2.  of, relating to, containing, or being the essential element of a thing
3.  having independent function, resources, or existence
4.  of substantial quantity
5.  solid in foundation or basis
6.  grammar denoting, relating to, or standing in place of a noun
7.  Compare adjective relating to the essential legal principles administered by the courts, as opposed to practice and procedure
8.  (of a dye or colour) staining the material directly without use of a mordant
 
[C15: from Late Latin substantīvus, from Latin substāre to stand beneath; see substance]
 
substantival
 
adj
 
substan'tivally
 
adv
 
'substantively
 
adv
 
'substantiveness
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

substantive
c.1470, "standing by itself," from O.Fr. substantif, from L.L. substantivum, neut. of L. substantivus "of substance or being," from substantia (see substance). The grammatical term (1393) was introduced by the Fr. to denote the noun in contradistinction to the adjective,
from L. nomen substantivum "name or word of substance."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature