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substrate

[suhb-streyt] /ˈsʌb streɪt/
noun
1.
a substratum.
2.
Biochemistry. the substance acted upon by an enzyme.
3.
Electronics. a supporting material on which a circuit is formed or fabricated.
Origin
1570-1580
1570-80; variant of substratum
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for substrate
  • Scientists have described this type of forest as a nutrient-rich economy perched on a nutrient-poor substrate.
  • The substrate to which the inverter is to be fitted must be sturdy and noncombustible.
  • While there may be more substrate for coral to grow, the question of whether there is actually more marine life is complicated.
  • Evidence of repeated, prolonged touching had worn away both paint and actual decoration, at some places down to the substrate.
  • It can also be applied to a wooden surface provided that building felt and wire mesh are mounted to the substrate beforehand.
  • Organisms lived amid other organisms, with the biosphere their primary substrate.
  • Cultivated mushrooms used to be grown on a substrate of horse manure.
  • The uplifting produced fissures in the limestone substrate.
  • Suspended in liquid, the flakes are then deposited onto a substrate to form a film.
  • If you want to create a smooth consistent coating on any substrate, you might consider screen printing.
British Dictionary definitions for substrate

substrate

/ˈsʌbstreɪt/
noun
1.
(biochem) the substance upon which an enzyme acts
2.
another word for substratum
3.
(electronics) the semiconductor base on which other material is deposited, esp in the construction of integrated circuits
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for substrate
n.

1810, from Modern Latin substratum (see substratum).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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substrate in Medicine

substrate sub·strate (sŭb'strāt')
n.

  1. The material or substance on which an enzyme acts.

  2. A surface on which an organism grows or is attached.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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substrate in Science
substrate
  (sŭb'strāt')   
  1. The material or substance on which an enzyme acts. See more at enzyme.

  2. The surface on or in which plants, algae, or certain animals, such as barnacles or clams, live or grow. A substrate may serve as a source of food for an organism or simply provide support.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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substrate in Technology

hardware
The body or base layer of an integrated circuit, onto which other layers are deposited to form the circuit. The substrate is usually Silicon, though Sapphire is used for certain applications, particularly military, where radiation resistance is important. The substrate is originally part of the wafer from which the die is cut. It is used as the electrical ground for the circuit.
(1996-04-07)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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