suburb

[suhb-urb]
noun
1.
a district lying immediately outside a city or town, especially a smaller residential community.
2.
the suburbs, the area composed of such districts.
3.
an outlying part.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Latin suburbium, equivalent to sub- sub- + urb(s) city + -ium -ium

suburbed, adjective
unsuburbed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
suburb (ˈsʌbɜːb)
 
n
a residential district situated on the outskirts of a city or town
 
[C14: from Latin suburbium, from sub- close to + urbs a city]
 
'suburbed
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

suburb
c.1340 (implied in suburban), "residential area outside a town or city," from O.Fr. suburbe, from L. suburbium "an outlying part of a city," from sub "below, near" + urbs (gen. urbis) "city." Close to crowds but just beyond the reach of municipal jurisdiction, suburbs in 17c., especially those of London,
had a sense of "inferior, debased, and licentious habits or life" (e.g. suburban sinner, slang for "loose woman, prostitute"). By 1817, the tinge had shifted to "inferior manners and narrow views." Compare also Fr. equivalent faubourg. Suburbanite formed 1890; suburbia first attested 1896, probably influenced by utopia, originally in England with ref. to London.
"[T]he growth of the metropolis throws vast numbers of people into distant dormitories where ... life is carried on without the discipline of rural occupations and without the cultural resources that the Central District of the city still retains." [Lewis Mumford, 1922]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Suburbs definition


the immediate vicinity of a city or town (Num. 35:3, 7; Ezek. 45:2). In 2 Kings 23:11 the Hebrew word there used (parvarim) occurs nowhere else. The Revised Version renders it "precincts." The singular form of this Hebrew word (parvar) is supposed by some to be the same as Parbar (q.v.), which occurs twice in 1 Chr. 26:18.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Powerful economic logic underpins the suburbs and car culture.
Students may already be familiar with old cities and new suburbs.
Suburbs exist because fuel and cars are cheap and land in cities is expensive.
Suburbs are constantly springing up without a nearby interstate.
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