1595–1605; < Late Latin sūculentus, equivalent to Latin sūc(us), succus juice + -ulentus -ulent

succulence, succulency, noun
succulently, adverb
unsucculent, adjective
unsucculently, adverb Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
succulent (ˈsʌkjʊlənt)
1.  abundant in juices; juicy
2.  (of plants) having thick fleshy leaves or stems
3.  informal stimulating interest, desire, etc
4.  a plant that is able to exist in arid or salty conditions by using water stored in its fleshy tissues
[C17: from Latin succulentus, from sūcus juice]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1601, from Fr. succulent, from L. succulentus "having juice," from succus "juice, sap;" related to sugere "to suck," and cognate with O.E. sucan "to suck" (see suck).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
succulent   (sŭk'yə-lənt)  Pronunciation Key 
Any of various plants having fleshy leaves or stems that store water. Cacti and the jade plant are succulents. Succulents are usually adapted to drier environments and display other characteristics that reduce water loss, such as waxy coatings on leaves and stems, fewer stomata than occur on other plants, and stout, rounded stems that minimize surface area.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Succulent shrimp, sweet mango, and creamy avocado makes a delicious meal in a
Fresh off the vine they are sweet and succulent-delicious.
Bowls of succulent andouille gumbo were set steaming on tables.
Caterers cut nova lox and place the pieces on trays in rolls, alongside flaky
  pastries, succulent beef and champagne.
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