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sucrose

[soo-krohs] /ˈsu kroʊs/
noun, Chemistry
1.
a crystalline disaccharide, C 1 2 H 2 2 O 1 1 , the sugar obtained from the sugarcane, the sugar beet, and sorghum, and forming the greater part of maple sugar; sugar.
Origin
1855-1860
1855-60; < French sucre sugar + -ose2
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for sucrose
  • Photosynthesis generates sucrose, or table sugar, which is broken down into glucose and the sweeter fructose during ripening.
  • Usually one orders by degree, which is a rating not of amount of alcohol in the beer, but percent of sucrose extract by weight.
  • The body does process fructose differently from sucrose, which is table sugar.
  • It seems clear that caries-causing organisms prefer sugars-specifically sucrose-as a primary energy source.
  • Here you can see the results for the sucrose drinking rats exposed to chronic stress.
  • The enzyme splits sucrose into fructose and glucose, researchers found, then adds the glucose to the growing plaque strings.
  • For example, it secretes an enzyme called invertase that breaks the sugar sucrose in half, forming glucose and fructose.
  • And some sugars, such as sucrose and trehalose, can protect cells from the damaging effects of freezing.
  • Then she brushes on sucrose to test my sense of sweet, citric acid to test sour, and quinine to test bitter.
  • Drugs that can increase specific gravity measurements include dextran and sucrose.
British Dictionary definitions for sucrose

sucrose

/ˈsjuːkrəʊz; -krəʊs/
noun
1.
the technical name for sugar (sense 1)
Word Origin
C19: from French sucre sugar + -ose²
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sucrose
n.

1857, formed from French sucre "sugar" (see sugar) + chemical suffix -ose (2).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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sucrose in Medicine

sucrose su·crose (sōō'krōs')
n.
A nonreducing crystalline disaccharide made up of glucose and fructose, found in many plants but extracted as ordinary sugar mainly from sugar cane and sugar beets, and widely used as a sweetener or preservative.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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sucrose in Science
sucrose
  (s'krōs')   
A crystalline sugar found in many plants, especially sugar cane, sugar beets, and sugar maple. It is used widely as a sweetener. Sucrose is a disaccharide composed of fructose and glucose. Also called table sugar. Chemical formula: C12H22O11.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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9
11
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