sue

[soo]
verb (used with object), sued, suing.
1.
to institute a process in law against; bring a civil action against: to sue someone for damages.
2.
to woo or court.
3.
Obsolete. to make petition or appeal to.
verb (used without object), sued, suing.
4.
to institute legal proceedings, or bring suit: She threatened to sue.
5.
to make petition or appeal: to sue for peace.
6.
to court a woman.
Verb phrases
7.
sue out, to make application for or apply for and obtain (a writ or the like) from a court of law.

Origin:
1150–1200; Middle English suen, siwen < Old French sivre < Vulgar Latin *sequere to follow, for Latin sequī

suer, noun
unsued, adjective


5. beg, petition, plead, pray.
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World English Dictionary
sue (sjuː, suː)
 
vb , sues, suing, sued
1.  to institute legal proceedings (against)
2.  to make suppliant requests of (someone for something)
3.  archaic to pay court (to)
 
[C13: via Anglo-Norman from Old French sivre, from Latin sequī to follow]
 
'suer
 
n

Sue (French sy)
 
n
Eugène (øʒɛn). original name Marie-Joseph Sue. 1804--57, French novelist, whose works, notably Les mystères de Paris (1842--43) and Le juif errant (1844--45), were among the first to reflect the impact of the industrial revolution on France

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sue
c.1200, "continue, persevere," from Anglo-Fr. suer "follow after, continue," from O.Fr. sivre, later suivre "pursue, follow after," from V.L. *sequere "follow," from L. sequi "follow" (see sequel). Sense of "start a lawsuit against" first recorded c.1300, on notion of "following
up" a matter in court. Sometimes aphetic for ensue or pursue.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The vanquished who sued for peace carried olive-branches in their hands.
Having laid aside all violence, he humbly sued that she would accompany him to
  his retreat, near by.
Lots of others don't-including those who sued to halt its construction.
The corps has been sued before over levee failures and flooding, but it had
  always walked away untouched.
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