Sulfation

sulfate

[suhl-feyt]
noun
1.
Chemistry. a salt or ester of sulfuric acid.
verb (used with object), sulfated, sulfating.
2.
to combine, treat, or impregnate with sulfuric acid, a sulfate, or sulfates.
3.
to convert into a sulfate.
4.
Electricity. to form a deposit of lead-sulfate compound on (the lead electrodes of a storage battery).
verb (used without object), sulfated, sulfating.
5.
to become sulfated.

Origin:
1780–90; < Neo-Latin sulphātum. See sulfur, -ate2

sulfation, noun
supersulfate, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

sulfate
1790 (sulphat), from Fr. sulphate (1787), from Mod.L. sulphatum acidum, from L. sulpur, sulphur (see sulfur) + chemical ending -ate. The spelling with -ph- is standard in Britain.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

sulfate sul·fate (sŭl'fāt')
n.

  1. A salt or an ester of sulfuric acid.

  2. The bivalent group SO4.

  3. A chemical compound containing such a group.

v. sul·fat·ed, sul·fat·ing, sul·fates
  1. To treat or react with sulfuric acid or a sulfate.

  2. To become sulfated.

sulfation sul·fa·tion (sŭl-fā'shən)
n.
The addition of sulfate groups as esters to molecules.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
sulfate   (sŭl'fāt')  Pronunciation Key 
A salt or ester of sulfuric acid, containing the group SO4.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

sulfation

in chemistry, any of several methods by which esters or salts of sulfuric acid (sulfates) are formed. The esters are commonly prepared by treating an alcohol with sulfuric acid, sulfur trioxide, chlorosulfuric acid, or sulfamic acid. The term sulfation often connotes a deleterious effect; an example is the accretion on statuary of unsightly films resulting from the action of airborne oxides or sulfur on calcium minerals in the stone. Another undesirable process called sulfation is the accumulation of a crystalline form of lead sulfate on the plates of lead-acid storage batteries.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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