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summer1

[suhm-er] /ˈsʌm ər/
noun
1.
the season between spring and autumn, in the Northern Hemisphere from the summer solstice to the autumnal equinox, and in the Southern Hemisphere from the winter solstice to the vernal equinox.
2.
the period comprising the months of June, July, and August in the U.S., and from the middle of May to the middle of August in Great Britain.
3.
a period of hot, usually sunny weather:
We had no real summer last year.
4.
the hotter half of the year (opposed to winter):
They spend the summers in New Hampshire and the winters in Florida.
5.
the period of finest development, perfection, or beauty previous to any decline:
the summer of life.
6.
a whole year as represented by this season:
a girl of fifteen summers.
adjective
7.
of, relating to, or characteristic of summer:
Iced tea is a summer drink.
8.
appropriate for or done during the summer:
summer clothes; summer sports.
9.
having the weather or warmth of summer:
summer days in late October.
verb (used without object)
10.
to spend or pass the summer:
They summered in Maine.
verb (used with object)
11.
to keep, feed, or manage during the summer:
Sheep are summered in high pastures.
12.
to make summerlike.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English sumer, Old English sumor; cognate with Dutch zomer, German Sommer, Old Norse sumar summer; akin to Sanskrit samā half-year, year, Old Irish sam-, Welsh haf summer
Related forms
summerless, adjective

summer2

[suhm-er] /ˈsʌm ər/
noun
1.
a principal beam or girder, as one running between girts to support joists.
2.
a stone laid upon a pier, column, or wall, from which one or more arches spring: usually molded or otherwise treated like the arch or arches springing from it.
3.
a beam or lintel.
Origin
1275-1325; Middle English somer < Anglo-French; Old French somier packhorse, beam < Vulgar Latin *saumārius, equivalent to Latin sagm(a) packsaddle (< Greek ságma) + -ārius -ary; see -er2
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for summers
  • Buffy summers often mangled the names of demons on buffy the vampire slayer.
  • Further inland, one encounters colder winters and hotter summers.
  • The climate is subatlantic with rather mild winters and fairly warm summers.
  • summers are generally warm to hot, with low to moderate humidity.
  • The region has a humid oceanic climate, with warm summers and mild winters.
  • It experiences hot, humid summers with little rainfall and cool, damp winters.
  • summers are hot and humid and winters are mild and mostly sunny.
  • summers are drier and quite warm with variable amounts of sunshine, rain and cloud.
  • Winters are thus warm and wet, with summers mild and also wet.
  • summers are marked by plentiful sunshine and moderate humidity and temperature.
British Dictionary definitions for summers

summer1

/ˈsʌmə/
noun
1.
(sometimes capital)
  1. the warmest season of the year, between spring and autumn, astronomically from the June solstice to the September equinox in the N hemisphere and at the opposite time of year in the S hemisphere
  2. (as modifier): summer flowers, a summer dress, related adjective aestival
2.
the period of hot weather associated with the summer
3.
a time of blossoming, greatest happiness, etc
4.
(mainly poetic) a year represented by this season: a child of nine summers
verb
5.
(intransitive) to spend the summer (at a place)
6.
(transitive) to keep or feed (farm animals) during the summer: they summered their cattle on the mountain slopes
Derived Forms
summerless, adjective
summer-like, adjective
summerly, adjective, adverb
summery, adjective
summeriness, noun
Word Origin
Old English sumor; related to Old Frisian sumur, Old Norse sumar, Old High German sumar, Sanskrit samā season

summer2

/ˈsʌmə/
noun
1.
Also called summer tree. a large horizontal beam or girder, esp one that supports floor joists
2.
another name for lintel
3.
a stone on the top of a column, pier, or wall that supports an arch or lintel
Word Origin
C14: from Anglo-Norman somer, from Old French somier beam, packhorse, from Late Latin sagmārius (equus) pack(horse), from sagma a packsaddle, from Greek
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for summers

summer

n.

"hot season of the year," Old English sumor, from Proto-Germanic *sumur- (cf. Old Saxon, Old Norse, Old High German sumar, Old Frisian sumur, Middle Dutch somer, Dutch zomer, German Sommer), from PIE root *sem- (cf. Sanskrit sama "season, half-year," Avestan hama "in summer," Armenian amarn "summer," Old Irish sam, Old Welsh ham, Welsh haf "summer"). Old Norse sumarsdag, first day of summer, was the Thursday that fell between April 9 and 15.

Summer camp is attested from 1893; summer resort is from 1832; summer school first recorded 1860; theatrical summer stock is attested from 1942.

"horizontal bearing beam," late 13c., from Anglo-French sumer, Old French somer "main beam," originally "pack horse," from Vulgar Latin *saumarius, from Late Latin sagmarius "pack horse," from sagma "packsaddle" (see sumpter).

v.

"to pass the summer," mid-15c., from summer (n.1). Related: Summered; summering.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for summers

summer

warmest season of the year, between spring and autumn. In the Northern Hemisphere, it is usually defined as the period between the summer solstice (year's longest day), June 21 or 22, and the autumnal equinox (day and night equal in length), September 22 or 23; and in the Southern Hemisphere, as the period between December 22 or 23 and March 20 or 21. The temperature contrast between summer and the other seasons exists only in middle and high latitudes; temperatures in the equatorial regions generally vary little from month to month. For physical causes of the seasons, see season.

Learn more about summer with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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