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[suhmp-choo-uh s] /ˈsʌmp tʃu əs/
entailing great expense, as from choice materials, fine work, etc.; costly:
a sumptuous residence.
luxuriously fine or large; lavish; splendid:
a sumptuous feast.
Origin of sumptuous
1475-85; < Latin sūmptuōsus, equivalent to sūmptu(s) expense (see sumptuary) + -ōsus -ous
Related forms
sumptuously, adverb
sumptuousness, noun
unsumptuous, adjective
unsumptuously, adverb
unsumptuousness, noun
Can be confused
sumptuary, sumptuous.
2. magnificent, luxurious, munificent. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for sumptuous
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • They were entertained in sumptuous splendor, by the same profession of men in Attalia.

    The Forged Note Oscar Micheaux
  • In this way we enjoyed our humble meal as much as if it had been a sumptuous feast.

    Hair Breadth Escapes T. S. Arthur
  • Come up, we will go unto kings at their own courts, and at their most sumptuous banquets be their guests.

    Mediaeval Tales Various
  • Godfrey was remarkable for his generosity and sumptuous entertainments.

  • The material style of her beauty was of that sumptuous order which wealth embellishes to its greatest perfection.

    The Gold Brick Ann S. Stephens
British Dictionary definitions for sumptuous


expensive or extravagant: sumptuous costumes
magnificent; splendid: a sumptuous scene
Derived Forms
sumptuously, adverb
sumptuousness, sumptuosity (ˌsʌmptjʊˈɒsɪtɪ) noun
Word Origin
C16: from Old French somptueux, from Latin sumptuōsus costly, from sumptus; see sumptuary
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for sumptuous

late 15c., from Old French sumptueux, from Latin sumptuosus "costly, expensive," from sumptus "cost, expense," past participle of sumere "spend, consume, take," contraction of *sub-emere, from sub- "under" + emere "to take, buy" (see exempt (adj.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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