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[suhn] /sʌn/
a tall East Indian shrub, Crotalaria juncea, of the legume family, having slender branches and yellow flowers, and an inner bark that yields a hemplike fiber used for making ropes, sacking, etc.
the fiber.
Also called sunn hemp, sun hemp, Bombay hemp, Madras hemp.
1580-90; < Hindi san < Sanskrit śāṇa Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for sunn-hemp


a leguminous plant, Crotalaria juncea, of the East Indies, having yellow flowers
the hemplike fibre obtained from the inner bark of this plant, used in making rope, sacking, etc
Word Origin
C18: from Hindi san, from Sanskrit śāná hempen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
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Encyclopedia Article for sunn-hemp


(Crotalaria juncea), plant of the pea family (Fabaceae, or Leguminosae) or its fibre, one of the bast fibre group. The plant is also cultivated in many tropical countries as a green manure crop that is plowed under to fertilize soil. The sunn plant is not a true hemp. It is probably native to the Indian subcontinent, where it has been cultivated since prehistoric times. It was introduced to the Western Hemisphere early in the 19th century.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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