superallowance

allowance

[uh-lou-uhns]
noun
1.
the act of allowing.
2.
an amount or share allotted or granted.
3.
a sum of money allotted or granted for a particular purpose, as for expenses: Her allowance for the business trip was $200.
4.
a sum of money allotted or granted to a person on a regular basis, as for personal or general living expenses: The art student lived on an allowance of $300 a month. When I was in first grade, my parents gave me an allowance of 50 cents a week.
5.
an addition or deduction based on an extenuating or qualifying circumstance: an allowance for profit; an allowance for depreciation.
6.
acknowledgment; concession: the allowance of a claim.
7.
sanction; tolerance: the allowance of slavery.
8.
Machinery. a prescribed difference in dimensions of two closely fitting mating parts with regard to minimum clearance or maximum interference. Compare tolerance ( def 6a ).
9.
Coining. tolerance ( def 7 ).
verb (used with object), allowanced, allowancing.
10.
to place on a fixed allowance, as of food or drink.
11.
to allocate (supplies, rations, etc.) in fixed or regular amounts.
Idioms
12.
make allowance/allowances(for)
a.
to take mitigating factors or circumstances into consideration.
b.
to pardon; excuse.
c.
to reserve time, money, etc.; allow for: Make allowance for souvenirs on the return trip.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English alouance < Middle French. See allow, -ance

preallowance, noun
superallowance, noun


2. allotment. 4. stipend. 7. permission, authorization, approval, sufferance.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
allowance (əˈlaʊəns)
 
n
1.  an amount of something, esp money or food, given or allotted usually at regular intervals
2.  a discount, as in consideration for something given in part exchange or to increase business; rebate
3.  (in Britain) an amount of a person's income that is not subject to a particular tax and is therefore deducted before his or her liability to taxation is assessed
4.  a portion set aside to compensate for something or to cover special expenses
5.  (Brit) education a salary supplement given to a teacher who is appointed to undertake extra duties and responsibilities
6.  admission; concession
7.  the act of allowing; sanction; toleration
8.  something allowed
9.  (usually foll by for) make allowances, make allowance
 a.  to take mitigating circumstances into account in consideration (of)
 b.  to allow (for)
 
vb
10.  (tr) to supply (something) in limited amounts

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

allowance
late 14c., "praise" (a sense now obsolete), from O.Fr. alouance, from alouer (see allow). Sense of "a sum alloted to meet expenses" is from mid-15c. In accounts, meaning "a sum placed to one's credit" is attested from 1520s. To make allowances is lit. to add or deduct a sum
from someone's account for some special circumstance. Figurative use of the phrase is attested from 1670s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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