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arbiter

[ahr-bi-ter] /ˈɑr bɪ tər/
noun
1.
a person empowered to decide matters at issue; judge; umpire.
2.
a person who has the sole or absolute power of judging or determining.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English arbitour, arbitre < Anglo-French, Old French < Latin arbiter
Related forms
superarbiter, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for superarbiter

arbiter

/ˈɑːbɪtə/
noun
1.
a person empowered to judge in a dispute; referee; arbitrator
2.
a person having complete control of something
Word Origin
C15: from Latin, of obscure origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for superarbiter

arbiter

n.

late 14c., from Old French arbitre or directly from Latin arbiter "one who goes somewhere (as witness or judge)," in classical Latin used of spectators and eye-witnesses, in law, "he who hears and decides a case, a judge, umpire, mediator;" from ad- "to" (see ad-) + baetere "to come, go." The specific sense of "one chosen by two disputing parties to decide the matter" is from 1540s. The earliest form of the word attested in English is the fem. noun arbitress (mid-14c.) "a woman who settles disputes."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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