superarctic

arctic

[ahrk-tik or especially for 7, ahr-tik]
adjective
1.
(often initial capital letter) of, pertaining to, or located at or near the North Pole: the arctic region.
2.
coming from the North Pole or the arctic region: an arctic wind.
3.
characteristic of the extremely cold, snowy, windy weather north of the Arctic Circle; frigid; bleak: an arctic winter.
4.
suitable for use in the arctic: arctic boots.
5.
extremely cold in manner, atmosphere, etc.: a look of arctic disdain.
noun
6.
(often initial capital letter) the region lying north of the Arctic Circle or of the northernmost limit of tree growth; the polar area north of the timber line.
7.
arctics, warm, waterproof overshoes.

Origin:
1350–1400; < Latin arcticus < Greek arktikós northern, literally, of the Bear, equivalent to árkt(os) bear (see Ursa Major) + -ikos -ic; replacing Middle English artik < Middle French artique < Latin

arctically, adverb
superarctic, adjective

antarctic, arctic.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
arctic (ˈɑːktɪk)
 
adj
1.  of or relating to the Arctic: arctic temperatures
2.  informal cold; freezing: the weather at Christmas was arctic
 
n
3.  (US) a high waterproof overshoe with buckles
4.  (modifier) designed or suitable for conditions of extreme cold: arctic clothing
 
[C14: from Latin arcticus, from Greek arktikos northern, literally: pertaining to (the constellation of) the Bear, from arktos bear]

Arctic (ˈɑːktɪk)
 
n
1.  the Arctic, Arctic Zone the regions north of the Arctic Circle
 
adj
2.  of or relating to the regions north of the Arctic Circle

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

arctic
late 14c., artik, from O.Fr. artique, from M.L. articus, from L. arcticus, from Gk. arktikos "of the north," lit. "of the (constellation) Bear," from arktos "bear," the Bear being a northerly constellation. From the usual I.E. base for "bear" (cf. Avestan aresho, Armenian arj, Albanian ari, L. ursus,
Welsh arth); see bear (n.) for why the name changed in Germanic. The -c- was restored 1550s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

Arctic definition


Region in the northernmost area of the Earth, centered on the North Pole.

Note: The weather of the Arctic is characterized by long, cold winters and short, cool summers.
Note: The Arctic has been the object of much exploration by air, land, and sea. The shortest distance by plane between continents in the Northern Hemisphere is often over the Arctic.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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