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caption

[kap-shuh n] /ˈkæp ʃən/
noun
1.
a title or explanation for a picture or illustration, especially in a magazine.
2.
a heading or title, as of a chapter, article, or page.
3.
Movies, Television. the title of a scene, the text of a speech, etc., superimposed on the film and projected onto the screen.
4.
Law. the heading of a legal document stating the time, place, etc., of execution or performance.
verb (used with object)
5.
to supply a caption or captions for; entitle:
to caption a photograph.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English capcio(u)n seizure < Latin captiōn- (stem of captiō), equivalent to capt(us) taken (see captive) + -iōn- -ion
Related forms
captionless, adjective
miscaption, verb (used with object)
subcaption, noun
supercaption, noun
uncaptioned, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for supercaption

caption

/ˈkæpʃən/
noun
1.
a title, brief explanation, or comment accompanying an illustration; legend
2.
a heading, title, or headline of a chapter, article, etc
3.
graphic material, usually containing lettering, used in television presentation
4.
another name for subtitle (sense 2)
5.
the formal heading of a legal document stating when, where, and on what authority it was taken or made
verb
6.
to provide with a caption or captions
Word Origin
C14 (meaning: seizure, an arrest; later, heading of a legal document): from Latin captiō a seizing, from capere to take
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for supercaption

caption

n.

late 14c., "taking, seizure," from Old French capcion "arrest, capture, imprisonment," or directly from Latin captionem (nominative capito) "a catching, seizing, holding, taking," noun of action from past participle stem of capere "to take" (see capable).

From 17c. used especially in law, and there via its appearance at the head of legal document involving seizure ("Certificate of caption", etc.), the word's sense was extended to "the beginning of any document;" thus "heading of a chapter or section of an article" (1789), and, especially in U.S., "description or title below an illustration" (1919).

v.

by 1901, from caption (n.). Related: Captioned; captioning.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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